U.S. Food and Drug Administration assigned an action date of December 23, 2021

The sBLA is supported by the Phase 2 ABA2 Trial evaluating Orencia in adults and children to prevent aGvHD

If approved, Orencia would become the first therapy for the prevention of aGvHD

PRINCETON, NJ, USA I August 23, 2021 IBristol Myers Squibb (NYSE:BMY) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted its supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for Orencia (abatacept) for the prevention of moderate to severe acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD) in patients 6 years of age and older receiving unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The FDA granted the application Priority Review and assigned a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) goal date of December 23, 2021.

“While stem cell transplants are an effective treatment for aggressive leukemias and other hematological malignancies, patients who receive stem cell transplants from unrelated and human leukocyte antigens (HLA)-mismatched donors are at high risk for developing aGvHD,” said study lead investigator Leslie Kean, M.D., PhD, Director of the Pediatric Stem Cell Transplantation Program, Boston Children’s Hospital/Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. “There is a tremendous need to expand the stem cell donor pool by lowering the risk of aGvHD in both adults and children receiving unrelated donor stem cell transplants.”

Stem cell transplants include infusion of donor T-cells, a type of white blood cell that recognizes and destroys foreign invaders in the recipient’s body, including cancer cells. GvHD occurs when the donor T-cells also recognize the patient’s healthy cells as foreign and start attacking healthy tissues and organs. To initiate this attack, T-cells require activation through a signaling process called co-stimulation. Between 30 and 70 percent of transplant recipients develop aGvHD, depending on donor type, transplant technique, and other features. Orencia, a therapy currently approved to treat various arthritic conditions, binds to and inhibits protein targets involved in co-stimulation, thus inhibiting T-cell activation.

“For patients who receive unrelated donor stem cell transplants, in particular for racial and ethnic minority patient populations, there is a heightened risk of developing aGvHD, a potentially life-threatening medical complication for which there are no approved preventive therapies,” said Mary Beth Harler, M.D., head of Immunology and Fibrosis Development, Bristol Myers Squibb. “We look forward to working with the FDA to bring Orencia to this new patient population and employ pathbreaking science in an effort to address unmet needs of underserved patients.”

The sBLA submitted to the FDA is based on results from the Phase 2 ABA2 trial and a registry trial based on real world evidence. The ABA2 trial assessed the impact of Orencia on the prevention of severe aGvHD, when added to a standard GvHD prophylactic regimen administered to patients with hematologic malignancies receiving a stem cell transplant from an unrelated, HLA-matched or mismatched donor. A mismatch in HLA increases the risk of GvHD. Results from ABA2 showed that treatment with Orencia resulted in a significant reduction in severe aGvHD and associated morbidity without an increase in disease relapse. The findings of the real-world analysis were consistent with those of ABA2.

Bristol Myers Squibb thanks the patients and investigators who participated in this clinical trial.

About ABA2
The ABA2 study was a multicenter, Phase 2 investigator sponsored trial conducted by Dr. Leslie Kean of Boston Children’s Hospital/Dana Farber Cancer Institute. ABA2 had two cohorts: a single arm cohort for patients receiving transplants from mismatched unrelated donors (MMUD) (“7/8” cohort), and a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled cohort for patients receiving transplants from 8/8 matched unrelated donors (MUD) (“8/8” cohort). All subjects received a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI), with dosing starting on day -2 and continuing through at least Day 100 as tolerated, and methotrexate (MTX) on days one, three, six and 11 (transplant day is Day 0). Orencia-treated subjects received 10 mg/kg Orencia on days -1, 5, 14 and 28.

In the ABA2 clinical trial, addition of Orencia to SOC aGvHD prophylaxis of MTX+CNI resulted in a significantly higher aGvHD-free survival (GFS) rate compared to registry controls in the single-arm 7/8 HLA-matched cohort, and numerically higher severe GFS rate in the double-blind, placebo-controlled 8/8 HLA-matched cohort at 180 days post-transplant.

About Acute Graft Versus Host Disease and Impact on a Diverse Patient Population
Graft versus host disease (GvHD) after a hematopoietic stem cell transplant occurs when transplanted donor T-cells recognize antigenic differences between the donor and the recipient, and attack the recipient’s healthy tissue and organs. Acute graft versus-host disease (aGvHD) impacts between 30 and 70 percent of patients, depending on donor type, transplant technique, and other features, with racial and ethnic minority patient populations more likely to experience challenges following a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This may be due to several factors that impact overall outcome, including a lack of donor availability and related care. This activation of T-cells can result in severe immune-mediated tissue damage to the host, with the skin, liver and gastrointestinal tract being the most common targets. aGvHD-mediated damage to these vital organs has been associated with increased morbidity and death.

HSCT is an effective treatment for aggressive leukemias and other hematological malignancies, often representing the only option for cure. However, some of its benefit, especially in the case of unrelated donor transplantation, is offset by a high rate of transplant-related mortality (TRM) stemming largely from severe aGvHD and infection.

ORENCIA® is an immunomodulator that disrupts the continuous cycle of T-cell activation.

U.S. Indications/Usage and Important Safety Information for ORENCIA® (abatacept)

Indications and Usage

Adult Rheumatoid Arthritis: ORENCIA® (abatacept) is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: ORENCIA® (abatacept) is indicated for the treatment of patients 2 years of age and older with moderately to severely active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA).

Adult Psoriatic Arthritis: ORENCIA® (abatacept) is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

Limitations of Use: The concomitant use of ORENCIA with other potent immunosuppressants [e.g., biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDS), Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors] is not recommended.

Please click here for Full Prescribing Information.

About Bristol Myers Squibb
Bristol Myers Squibb is a global biopharmaceutical company whose mission is to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. For more information about Bristol Myers Squibb, visit us at BMS.com or follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Instagram.

Celgene and Juno Therapeutics are wholly owned subsidiaries of Bristol-Myers Squibb Company. In certain countries outside the U.S., due to local laws, Celgene and Juno Therapeutics are referred to as, Celgene, a Bristol Myers Squibb company and Juno Therapeutics, a Bristol Myers Squibb company.

SOURCE: Bristol Myers Squibb