— Preliminary Data Support RLYB212 Once Monthly Subcutaneous Dosing in Phase 2 Study —

— RLYB212 Toxicology Package Complete, Including Maternal-Fetal Toxicology; Key Activity to Support Phase 2 and Phase 3 Studies in Pregnant Women —

— RLYB212 Phase 2 Study Expected To Commence in 2H 2024 —

NEW HAVEN, CT, USA I November 28, 2023 I Rallybio Corporation (Nasdaq: RLYB) today announced preliminary data from the completed multiple dose cohort of the Phase 1 safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) study for RLYB212, an anti-HPA-1a monoclonal antibody for the prevention of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia.

The Phase 1 multiple dose cohort for RLYB212 was initiated in the first quarter of 2023 to evaluate the safety and PK of subcutaneous (SC) RLYB212 based on repeat dosing over 12 weeks. Eight HPA-1a negative subjects participated in the multiple dose cohort; 6 subjects received RLYB212 every 2 weeks and 2 received placebo every 2 weeks.

The preliminary data demonstrated that multiple dose PK were consistent both within and between subjects. The preliminary data and the Company’s clinical pharmacology modeling predictions support a once monthly dosing regimen for the planned Phase 2 study. Consistent with previously reported data, RLYB212 was observed to be generally well-tolerated with no reports of injection site reactions or serious adverse events.

Rallybio also announced today that the RLYB212 toxicology package to support the planned Phase 2 and Phase 3 studies, including the maternal fetal toxicology program, is complete.

“These data support our belief in the potential use of subcutaneous RLYB212 as a prophylactic therapeutic for the prevention of HPA-1a alloimmunization and FNAIT,” commented Róisín Armstrong, Ph.D., Rallybio’s RLYB212 Program Lead. “We are pleased that the RLYB212 toxicology package is complete, including the maternal fetal toxicology program. The program, which involved a novel animal model, is a key step for Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical studies in pregnant women. We are now focused on initiating the Phase 2 dose confirmation study in pregnant women at higher risk of FNAIT in the second half of 2024. We thank all of our collaborators and particularly, the Fraunhofer Institute for Translational Medicine and Pharmacology and the German Red Cross, for their support and partnership to complete the Phase 1 study.”

Rallybio expects to submit both the RLYB212 clinical pharmacology model and the Phase 2 dosing approach, including supportive clinical and nonclinical data, to a peer reviewed journal in 2024.

About RLYB212 Phase 1 Safety and PK Study

Rallybio’s Phase 1 study is a single-blind, placebo-controlled study that investigated the safety and PK of SC RLYB212 in HPA-1a negative healthy participants. The study included two cohorts: a previously completed single dose cohort and a multiple dose cohort. In the multiple dose cohort, subjects received SC RLYB212 or placebo every 2 weeks for 12 weeks.

The Phase 1 study was conducted at the Clinical Research department of the Fraunhofer Institute for Translational Medicine and Pharmacology ITMP, in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, in collaboration with the Institute of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology, German Red Cross (Deutsches Rotes Kreuz) Blood Transfusion Service Baden-Württemberg-Hessen gGmbH in Frankfurt/Main, Germany.


Fetal and Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a potentially life-threatening rare disease that can cause uncontrolled bleeding in fetuses and newborns. FNAIT can arise during pregnancy due to an immune incompatibility between an expectant mother and her fetus in a specific platelet antigen called human platelet antigen 1, or HPA-1.

There are two predominant forms of HPA-1, known as HPA-1a and HPA-1b, which are expressed on the surface of platelets. Individuals who are homozygous for HPA-1b, meaning that they have two copies of the HPA-1b allele and no copies of the HPA-1a allele, are also known as HPA-1a negative. Upon exposure to the HPA-1a antigen, these individuals can develop antibodies to that antigen in a process known as alloimmunization. In expectant mothers, alloimmunization can occur upon mixing of fetal blood with maternal blood. When alloimmunization occurs in an expectant mother, the anti-HPA-1a antibodies that develop in the mother can cross the placenta and destroy platelets in the fetus. The destruction of platelets in the fetus can result in severely low platelet counts, or thrombocytopenia, and potentially lead to devastating consequences including miscarriage, stillbirth, death of the newborn, or severe lifelong neurological disability in those babies who survive. There is currently no approved therapy for the prevention or prenatal treatment of FNAIT.

About Rallybio

Rallybio (NASDAQ: RLYB) is a clinical-stage biotechnology company with a mission to develop and commercialize life-transforming therapies for patients with severe and rare diseases. Rallybio has built a broad pipeline of promising product candidates aimed at addressing diseases with unmet medical need in areas of maternal fetal health, complement dysregulation, hematology, and metabolic disorders. The Company has two clinical stage programs: RLYB212, an anti-HPA-1a antibody for the prevention of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) and RLYB116, an inhibitor of complement component 5 (C5), with the potential to treat several diseases of complement dysregulation, as well as additional programs in preclinical development.

Rallybio is headquartered in New Haven, Connecticut with an additional facility at the University of Connecticut’s Technology Incubation Program in Farmington, Connecticut. For more information, please visit www.rallybio.com and follow us on LinkedIn and Twitter.

SOURCE: Rallybio