Rallybio Announces Positive Preliminary Results for RLYB212, an anti-HPA-1a Monoclonal Antibody for the Prevention of Fetal and Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia

-- Preliminary data from the ongoing Phase 1b study shows RLYB212 rapidly and completely eliminates transfused HPA-1a positive platelets –

-- Proof-of-Concept Data Expected in 1Q 2023 --

NEW HAVEN, CT, USA I September 28, 2022 I Rallybio Corporation (Nasdaq: RLYB) today announced positive preliminary results from its ongoing Phase 1b proof-of-concept study of RLYB212, an anti-HPA-1a monoclonal antibody for the prevention of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT).

These data demonstrate that one week after a single subcutaneous dose, RLYB212 was able to eliminate transfused HPA-1a positive platelets rapidly compared to placebo in a challenge model of a catastrophic fetal maternal hemorrhage. Additional pharmacokinetic data suggests the opportunity for less frequent dosing.

“These preliminary results continue to support our projected effective target therapeutic concentrations for the prevention of maternal HPA-1a alloimmunization by RLYB212. We are pleased to see rapid and complete elimination of transfused platelets in all subjects to date, with a greater than 90% reduction of the mean platelet elimination half-life compared to placebo, consistent with our proof-of-concept criteria,” said Martin Mackay, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer of Rallybio.

Dr. Mackay added, “We have now commenced dosing under an amended protocol that increases the dose of RLYB212. We expect the broader range of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data to enable substantive modeling of the concentration-effect relationship that further informs dosing for a future registrational study. We look forward to discussing these proof-of-concept data in the first quarter of 2023.”

Consistent with previously reported data, these preliminary results showed acceptable safety and tolerability with no serious adverse events.

About the RLYB212 Phase 1b Study

The ongoing Phase 1b study is a single-blind, placebo-controlled proof-of-concept study designed to establish the ability of subcutaneous RLYB212 to markedly accelerate the elimination of HPA-1a positive platelets transfused to HPA-1a negative healthy male participants. In this study, the elimination of transfused platelets serves as a surrogate for assessing the ability of an anti-HPA-1a antibody to drive rapid elimination of HPA-1a positive fetal platelets from an expectant mother’s circulation, thereby potentially preventing HPA-1a maternal alloimmunization and the occurrence of FNAIT in fetuses and newborns. The platelet challenge in this model represents an equivalent fetal maternal hemorrhage of 30 mL, a rare and catastrophic scenario during pregnancy.

Rallybio announced in August 2022 that the Company was amending the protocol to add additional sampling time points and expand the dose range in order to further characterize the absorption and concentration-effect relationship of RLYB212 to platelet elimination. Concomitant PK assessments are included to generate a robust data set of dose-concentration-effect parameters to enable substantive PK/PD modeling for dosing in a future registrational trial.

The study is being conducted at the Clinical Research department of the Fraunhofer Institute for Translational Medicine and Pharmacology ITMP, in Frankfurt/Main, Germany, in collaboration with the Institute of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology, German Red Cross (Deutsches Rotes Kreuz) Blood Transfusion Service Baden-Württemberg-Hessen gGmbH in Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

Rallybio expects to report the Phase 1b proof-of-concept data in the first quarter of 2023.

About FNAIT
Fetal and Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a potentially life-threatening rare disease that can cause uncontrolled bleeding in fetuses and newborns. FNAIT can arise during pregnancy due to an immune incompatibility between an expectant mother and her fetus in a specific platelet antigen called human platelet antigen 1, or HPA-1. There are two predominant forms of HPA-1, known as HPA-1a and HPA-1b, which are expressed on the surface of platelets. Individuals who are homozygous for HPA-1b, meaning that they have two copies of the HPA-1b allele and no copies of the HPA-1a allele, are also known as HPA-1a negative. Upon exposure to the HPA-1a antigen, these individuals can develop antibodies to that antigen in a process known as alloimmunization. In expectant mothers, alloimmunization can occur upon mixing of fetal blood with maternal blood. When alloimmunization occurs in an expectant mother, the anti-HPA-1a antibodies that develop in the mother can cross the placenta and destroy platelets in the fetus. The destruction of platelets in the fetus can result in severely low platelet counts, or thrombocytopenia, and potentially lead to devastating consequences including miscarriage, stillbirth, death of the newborn, or severe lifelong neurological disability in those babies who survive. There is currently no approved therapy for the prevention or treatment of FNAIT.

About Rallybio
Rallybio is a clinical-stage biotechnology company committed to identifying and accelerating the development of life-transforming therapies for patients with severe and rare diseases. Since its launch in January 2018, Rallybio has built a portfolio of promising product candidates, which are now in development to address rare diseases in the areas of hematology, immuno-inflammation, maternal fetal health, and metabolic disorders. The Company’s mission is being advanced by a team of highly experienced biopharma industry leaders with extensive research, development, and rare disease expertise. Rallybio is headquartered in New Haven, Connecticut, with an additional facility at the University of Connecticut’s Technology Incubation Program in Farmington, Connecticut. For more information, please visit www.rallybio.com.

SOURCE: Rallybio

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