Taysha Gene Therapies Announces Initiation of Clinical Development of TSHA-102 in Rett Syndrome
- Category: DNA RNA and Cells
- Published on Wednesday, 30 March 2022 09:42
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Clinical Trial Application (CTA) approved by Health Canada in March 2022
TSHA-102, which utilizes novel miRARE platform to regulate transgene expression genotypically on a cell-by-cell basis, is the first-and-only gene therapy in clinical development for Rett syndrome
TSHA-102 improved survival, respiratory and motor function assessments in mouse models of Rett syndrome; biodistribution in non-human primates (NHP) supports miRARE mechanism of action; six-month NHP GLP toxicology data support the favorable safety and tolerability profile of TSHA-102
Preliminary Phase 1/2 clinical data for TSHA-102 expected by year-end 2022
DALLAS, TX, USA I March 29, 2022 I Taysha Gene Therapies, Inc. (Nasdaq: TSHA), a patient-centric, pivotal-stage gene therapy company focused on developing and commercializing AAV-based gene therapies for the treatment of monogenic diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) in both rare and large patient populations, today announced the initiation of clinical development of TSHA-102 for the treatment of Rett syndrome under a recently approved Clinical Trial Application (CTA) by Health Canada. Sainte-Justine Mother and Child University Hospital Center in Montreal, Quebec, Canada has been selected as the initial clinical site under the direction of Dr. Elsa Rossignol, principal investigator. The company also announced positive preclinical data from IND/CTA-enabling studies including a pharmacology study in the Rett knockout mouse model (n=252) that assessed the efficacy of TSHA-102 and a Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) toxicology study of TSHA-102 in nonhuman primates (NHPs) (n=24) that explored biodistribution and mechanism of action, both of which supported authorization of the CTA.
“Initiation of clinical development is a significant milestone for the TSHA-102 program and Rett syndrome community,” said Suyash Prasad, MBBS, M.Sc., MRCP, MRCPCH, FFPM, Chief Medical Officer and Head of Research and Development of Taysha. “Treating Rett syndrome by gene replacement therapy requires an approach that can safely regulate transgene expression in a genotypic manner on a cell-by-cell basis without causing deleterious effects associated with overexpression. TSHA-102’s robust preclinical data package supports and validates the safe and controlled regulation of transgene expression using miRARE, a novel miRNA-responsive target sequence exclusively licensed to Taysha and developed by Drs. Sarah Sinnett and Steven Gray1 of UT Southwestern Medical Center. Data from the 6-month non-human primate GLP toxicology study reinforced TSHA-102’s favorable safety profile across all dose levels tested including doses up to 4-fold above the presumed clinical starting dose. Data from the IND/CTA-enabling pharmacology study in mouse models of Rett syndrome demonstrated that miRARE regulated transgene expression improved survival, respiratory and motor function assessments across multiple dose levels. We continue to be highly encouraged by the therapeutic potential of TSHA-102.”
Dr. Prasad added, “There are no disease-modifying therapies to treat over 350,000 patients estimated to suffer from Rett syndrome worldwide2. We are excited to advance TSHA-102 as the first gene therapy in clinical development for the treatment of this devastating neurodevelopmental disorder and look forward to reporting preliminary Phase 1/2 clinical data by the end of 2022.”
Pharmacologic activity of TSHA-102 following intrathecal (IT) administration was assessed in the MECP2 knockout mouse model of Rett syndrome across three dose levels and three age groups (n=252). A one-time IT injection of TSHA-102 significantly increased survival at all dose levels, with the mid to high doses improving survival across all age groups compared to vehicle-treated controls. Treatment with TSHA-102 significantly improved body weight, motor function and respiratory assessments in MECP2 knockout mice. An additional study in neonatal mice is ongoing, and preliminary data suggest normalization of survival.
An IND/CTA-enabling 6-month GLP toxicology study (n=24) examined the biodistribution, toxicological effects and mechanism of action of TSHA-102 when intrathecally administered to NHPs across three dose levels. Biodistribution, as reflected by DNA copy number, was observed in multiple areas of the brain, sections of spinal cord and the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). Importantly, mRNA levels across multiple tissues were low, indicating miRARE regulation is minimizing transgene expression from the construct in the presence of endogenous MECP2 as expected, despite the high levels of DNA that were delivered. No toxicity from transgene overexpression was observed, confirmed by functional and histopathologic evaluations demonstrating no detrimental change in neurobehavioral assessments and no adverse tissue findings on necropsy.
These preclinical safety and efficacy data will be presented at the International Rett Syndrome Foundation (IRSF) Rett Syndrome Scientific Meeting taking place April 26-27, 2022 in Nashville, Tennessee.
1Dr. Steven Gray is Chief Scientific Advisor and a consultant for Taysha
2Source: Rett Syndrome Research Trust
About TSHA-102 and miRARE
TSHA-102 is a self-complementary intrathecally delivered AAV9 gene replacement therapy under development for the treatment of Rett syndrome. TSHA-102 utilizes the novel miRNA-Responsive Auto-Regulatory Element (miRARE) platform to regulate transgene expression genotypically on a cell-by-cell basis. The miRARE technology is designed to prevent toxicity associated with transgene overexpression and can be potentially utilized across other indications. Health Canada has authorized the CTA for TSHA-102 and Sainte-Justine Mother and Child University Hospital has been selected as the initial clinical site under the direction of Dr. Elsa Rossignol, principal investigator. Preliminary Phase 1/2 clinical data for TSHA-102 is expected by the end of 2022. TSHA-102 has received rare pediatric disease designation and orphan drug designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and orphan drug designation from the European Commission.
About Rett Syndrome
Rett syndrome is a severe genetic neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a mutation in the X-linked MECP2 gene essential for neuronal and synaptic function in the brain. Primarily occurring in females, Rett syndrome is one of the most common genetic causes of severe intellectual disability worldwide, with a prevalence of over 350,000 patients worldwide2. Patients have normal early development, with symptom onset typically beginning between 6 to 18 months of age. Rett syndrome is characterized by rapid developmental regression that leads to intellectual disabilities, loss of speech, loss of purposeful use of hands, loss of mobility, seizures, cardiac impairments and breathing issues. Currently, there are no approved therapies that treat the underlying cause of this progressive disease.
About Taysha Gene Therapies
Taysha Gene Therapies (Nasdaq: TSHA) is on a mission to eradicate monogenic CNS disease. With a singular focus on developing curative medicines, we aim to rapidly translate our treatments from bench to bedside. We have combined our team’s proven experience in gene therapy drug development and commercialization with the world-class UT Southwestern Gene Therapy Program to build an extensive, AAV gene therapy pipeline focused on both rare and large-market indications. Together, we leverage our fully integrated platform—an engine for potential new cures—with a goal of dramatically improving patients’ lives. More information is available at www.tayshagtx.com.
SOURCE: Taysha Gene Therapies