Merck Announces Positive Phase III Results for Arpraziquantel as Part of its Schistosomiasis Elimination Program
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Tuesday, 16 November 2021 09:25
- Hits: 820
- Primary efficacy endpoint of clinical cure was met with a favorable safety profile
- Arpraziquantel is a potential new treatment option for the estimated 50 million preschool-aged children with schistosomiasis
- Merck intends to submit regulatory file to the European Medicines Agency (EMA)
DARMSTADT, Germany I November 16, 2021 I Merck, a leading science and technology company, and the Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium today announced that the pivotal Phase III trial for arpraziquantel, a potential new treatment option for the neglected tropical disease schistosomiasis, has met the primary endpoint of clinical cure in children 3 months to 6 years of age. Arpraziquantel is tailored to the needs of the estimated 50 million preschool-aged children suffering from schistosomiasis, who currently have no treatment option, and forms part of an ongoing effort to eliminate this devastating parasitic disease.
“With this milestone, we continue our commitment to eliminating schistosomiasis and ensuring all people affected by this neglected tropical disease have access to a life-saving therapy. Together with our Consortium partners, we are steadfast in our vision to bring new hope to the world’s most vulnerable populations,” said Peter Guenter, Member of the Executive Board of Merck and CEO Healthcare.
Through its Schistosomiasis Elimination Program, Merck addresses the key requirements of the WHO’s 2021-2030 Roadmap for Neglected Tropical Diseases and contributes to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, especially Good Health and Well-Being (Goal 3) and Partnerships (Goal 17), in line with the company’s sustainability strategy.
Clinical Phase III shows high efficacy across all age groups
In the completed Phase III trial, children aged 3 months to 6 years infected with S. mansoni or S. haematobium were enrolled in different age groups and treated with a single dose of arpraziquantel. High efficacy was observed with cure rates close to or above 90% for S. mansoni (at a dose of 50 mg/kg) and S. haematobium (at a dose of 60 mg/kg). The primary endpoint of clinical cure, defined as no parasite eggs in the stool (S. mansoni) 17 to 21 days after treatment or urine (S. haematobium) 17 to 21 days and additionally 35 to 40 days after treatment, met the pre-specified success criteria. Arpraziquantel treatment at both doses demonstrated favorable safety, tolerability and improved palatability among preschool-aged children. No new potential risks or safety concerns were identified.
Derived from praziquantel, arpraziquantel is an orally dispersible tablet developed by the Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium, a public-private partnership led by Merck through its Global Health Institute, with the aim to close the current treatment gap for an estimated 50 million preschool-aged children with schistosomiasis.
Conducted by the Université Félix Houphouet-Boigny in Côte d’Ivoire and the Kenya Medical Research Institute in Kenya, the Phase III trial was supported by the Global Health Innovative Technology (GHIT) Fund and the European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP).
Michael Makanga, Executive Director, EDCTP said: “With the completion of the Phase III trial, the Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium demonstrates that balanced North-South collaboration with complementary expertise, bidirectional knowledge sharing, and mutual trust, is a key success factor to develop and deliver safe and affordable treatments for neglected tropical diseases, such as schistosomiasis.”
Kio Yamabe, Acting CEO of the GHIT Fund said: “Having partnered with the Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium since 2013, we believe that international collaborations like this are key to addressing the burden of major infectious diseases in the developing world. The successful joint development of arpraziquantel by Consortium partners, Astellas, Merck and Farmanguinhos embodies our unwavering commitment to drive Japanese innovation and technology through global partnerships.”
Merck, on behalf of the Consortium, intends to apply for a scientific opinion by EMA under the EU-M4all procedure for high-priority medicines for human use intended for markets outside the European Union. A positive opinion by EMA would facilitate the inclusion of arpraziquantel in the World Health Organization (WHO) list of prequalified medicinal products as well as regulatory approvals in endemic countries. With continued support from the GHIT Fund and EDCTP, the delivery of arpraziquantel is being prepared through the Consortium’s access program, ADOPT. In addition to Farmanguinhos in Brazil, Merck has also partnered with Universal in Kenya for extensive local production capacities for endemic African countries.
For more information, please contact Timo Breiner
The current standard of care treatment for schistosomiasis is praziquantel. The drug is safe, effective, and suitable for school-aged children and adults. However, an appropriate drug for preschool-aged children has to date been elusive. Arpraziquantel aims to close this treatment gap. It contains the pharmacologically active enantiomer of praziquantel. The new tablet is small, orally dispersible – it dissolves in the mouth or in water –, has taste properties that are acceptable for children, and withstands the challenges presented by a tropical climate. It was developed by Astellas in Japan, subsequently optimized by Merck in Germany and transferred for clinical manufacturing to Farmanguinhos in Brazil.
Schistosomiasis is a chronic condition and one of the most common and most devastating parasitic diseases in tropical countries. It is estimated that more than 240 million people are infected worldwide and that around 200,000 die from it each year. Flatworms transmit the disease. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions where large sections of the population have no access to clean water and sanitary installations. People become infected with the parasite via contact with freshwater, for example while working, swimming, fishing or washing their clothes. The minuscule larvae penetrate human skin, enter the blood vessels and attack internal organs. The infection rate is particularly high among children.
About the Merck Schistosomiasis Elimination Program
Merck initiated the Merck Schistosomiasis Elimination Program in cooperation with WHO back in 2007. Since then, more than 1.3 billion tablets have been donated, enabling the treatment of 520 million school-aged children. Merck has committed itself to maintaining its efforts in the fight against the tropical disease until schistosomiasis is eliminated as a public health burden. To this end, each year Merck is donating up to 250 million tablets to WHO. The planned annual donation has a value of USD 32.5 million. In addition, Merck has adopted an integrated schistosomiasis strategy that is implemented in close collaboration with partners worldwide and focuses on: treatment, research & development, WASH (Water, Sanitation & Hygiene), health education, advocacy & partnerships. More information about the Merck Schistosomiasis Elimination Program is available at www.makingschistory.com.
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About the Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium
The Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium is an international not-for-profit partnership that aims to reduce the global disease burden of schistosomiasis by addressing the medical needs of infected preschool-age children. Its mission is to develop, register and provide access to a suitable pediatric praziquantel formulation for treating schistosomiasis in this age group. For more information, and to see an overview of all Consortium partners, visit the Consortium website: www.pediatricpraziquantelconsortium.org
The Consortium is financially supported by Merck; in-kind contributions from the Consortium’s partners; and grants from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2012), the Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT) (2013, 2014, 2016, 2019 & 2021), and the European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP), under its second program supported by the European Union (2018 & 2021).
SOURCE: Merck KGaA