Syndax Announces Positive Interim Data Demonstrating Robust Clinical Activity in Phase 1 Portion of the AUGMENT-101 Trial of SNDX-5613 in Patients with Genetically-Defined Acute Leukemias
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Tuesday, 20 April 2021 14:04
- Hits: 641
- 48% overall response rate in patients with MLLr or NPM1c; 67% of responders achieved minimal residual disease-negative status -
- Doses identified for advancement into Phase 2 -
- Company on track to initiate pivotal Phase 2 portion of trial in 2Q21-
WALTHAM, MA, USA I April 20, 2021 I Syndax Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Syndax," the "Company" or "we") (Nasdaq:SNDX), a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company developing an innovative pipeline of cancer therapies, today announced updated positive data from the Phase 1 dose escalation portion of the ongoing Phase 1/2 AUGMENT-101 trial of SNDX-5613 in patients with mixed lineage leukemia rearranged (MLLr) and nucleophosmin (NPM1c) mutant relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute leukemias. SNDX-5613 is the Company's highly selective, oral menin inhibitor. Information on how to access the live video webcast and accompanying slide presentation can be found below.
"Data reported today further support the potential for SNDX-5613 to induce clinically meaningful responses in patients with genetically-defined acute leukemias," said Briggs W. Morrison, M.D., Chief Executive Officer of Syndax. "Notably, robust clinical activity, including multiple complete responses with no evidence of minimal residual disease (MRD-), were observed in heavily pretreated MLLr and NPM1c patients. We have identified a candidate recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) and expect to commence the pivotal Phase 2 portion of the trial by the end of the second quarter."
"Genetically-defined acute leukemias, including those harboring MLLr and NPM1c mutations, represent a disease area with a particularly poor prognosis and few effective treatment options," said Eytan M. Stein, M.D., Assistant Attending Physician and Director, Program for Drug Development in Leukemia, Department of Medicine at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and the trial's principal investigator. "With five-year survival rates in MLLr and NPM1c mutant acute leukemias of 50% or less, novel treatments that can offer clinically-meaningful benefit are desperately needed. I am excited to present evidence that underscores previous observations that SNDX-5613 has the potential to disrupt the treatment paradigm for this disease."
As of a March 12, 2021 data cutoff date, 43 patients with a median of three prior therapies, such as prior stem cell transplant, venetoclax and chemotherapy, were dosed in the Phase 1 portion of the AUGMENT-101 trial. A total of 31 patients were evaluable for efficacy at the time of the data cutoff date, with the remaining patients either not yet at their initial efficacy assessment (n=4) or not harboring either the MLLr or NPM1c mutation (n=8). The overall response rate1 (ORR) among evaluable patients was 48% (n=15), with 67% (n=10) of these responders achieving MRD negative status, with four of these patients proceeding to receive stem cell transplant. The ORR in evaluable patients harboring an MLL-rearrangement (n=24), was 54% (n=13), and in evaluable patients harboring an NPM1c mutation (n=7), was 29% (n=2).
A candidate RP2D of 226 mg every 12 hours was identified for patients who are not receiving a concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, and 113 mg every 12 hours for patients on a concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitor treatment. Eighteen patients treated at the RP2D were efficacy-evaluable and response results observed at the RP2D were consistent with the overall population.
Across all patients enrolled in the trial as of the data cutoff date (n=43), SNDX-5613 was generally well-tolerated, with no discontinuations due to treatment-related adverse events observed in heavily pretreated patients. The only grade 3 or greater related adverse events occurring in at least 5% of patients were QT prolongation, anemia, and differentiation syndrome. Among all patients treated at the candidate RP2D (n=22) as of the data cutoff date, 9% of patients (n=2) experienced grade 3 QT prolongation.
AUGMENT-101 is a Phase 1/2 open-label trial designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of orally administered SNDX-5613. The Phase 1 dose escalation portion of AUGMENT-101 was separated into two cohorts based on concomitant treatment with a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor. Arm A enrolled patients not receiving a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, while Arm B enrolled patients receiving a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor. The pivotal Phase 2 portion of the trial will evaluate efficacy, as defined by complete response rate (per International Working Group response criteria), across three expansion cohorts: MLLr acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), MLLr acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and NPM1c mutant AML.
SNDX-5613 is a potent, selective, small molecule inhibitor of the menin-MLL binding interaction that is being developed for the treatment of mixed lineage leukemia rearranged (MLLr) acute leukemias including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and NPM1c mutant AML. In preclinical models of MLLr acute leukemias, SNDX-5613 demonstrated robust, dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth, resulting in a marked survival benefit. Menin-MLL interaction inhibitors have also demonstrated robust treatment benefit in multiple preclinical models of NPM1c mutant AML, which represents the most frequent genetic abnormality in adult AML. SNDX-5613 is currently being evaluated in the Company's AUGMENT-101 Phase 1/2 open-label clinical trial for the treatment of relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute leukemias. SNDX-5613 was granted Orphan Drug Designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with AML.
About Mixed Lineage Leukemia Rearranged Acute Leukemias
Rearrangements of the MLL gene give rise to mixed lineage leukemia rearranged (MLLr) acute leukemias known to have a poor prognosis, with less than 25% of adult patients surviving past five years. MLL rearrangements produce fusion proteins that require interaction with the protein called menin to drive leukemic cancer growth. Disruption of the menin-MLLr interaction has been shown to halt the growth of MLLr leukemic cells. MLLr leukemias, which are routinely diagnosed through currently available cytogenetic or molecular diagnostic techniques, occur in approximately 80% of infant acute leukemias and up to 10% of all acute leukemias. There are currently no approved therapies indicated for MLLr leukemias.
About NPM1c Mutant Acute Myeloid Leukemia
NPM1c mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which is distinguished by point mutations in the NPM1c gene that drive the leukemic phenotype, is the most common type of cytogenetically normal adult AML and represents approximately 30% of all adult AML cases. This subtype of AML has a five year overall survival rate of approximately 50%. Similar to mixed lineage leukemia rearranged (MLLr) leukemias, NPM1c mutant AML is highly dependent on the expression of specific developmental genes shown to be negatively impacted by inhibitors of the menin-MLL interaction. NPM1c mutant AML is routinely diagnosed through currently available screening techniques. There are currently no approved therapies indicated for NPM1c mutant AML.
About Syndax Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Syndax Pharmaceuticals is a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company developing an innovative pipeline of cancer therapies. The Company's pipeline includes SNDX-5613, a highly selective inhibitor of the Menin–MLL binding interaction, axatilimab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks the colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) receptor, and entinostat, a class I HDAC inhibitor.
SOURCE: Syndax Pharmaceuticals