AVROBIO Expands Lentiviral Gene Therapy Pipeline with Program for Hunter Syndrome
- Category: DNA RNA and Cells
- Published on Tuesday, 06 October 2020 14:57
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Investigational gene therapy licensed from The University of Manchester, UK aims to address both physical and CNS manifestations of Hunter syndrome
Expands leading pipeline targeting lysosomal disorders with 5th investigational gene therapy
Program expected to enter Phase 1/2 clinical trial in the second half of 2021
CAMBRIDGE, MA, USA I October 5, 2020 IAVROBIO, Inc. (Nasdaq: AVRO), a leading clinical-stage gene therapy company with a mission to free people from a lifetime of genetic disease, today announced an exclusive, worldwide license agreement and a collaborative research funding agreement with The University of Manchester for an investigational lentiviral gene therapy for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), or Hunter syndrome, a rare and deadly lysosomal disorder that primarily affects young boys.
Hunter syndrome, which affects an estimated one in 100,000 to one in 170,000 males worldwide, causes devastating complications throughout the body and brain, including severe cardiac and respiratory dysfunction, skeletal malformations and hearing impairment. Children with severe cases of Hunter syndrome typically show early symptoms in their toddler years and begin to regress developmentally around age six, losing basic motor skills and cognitive function. The current standard of care is weekly enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), which can delay some complications but does not halt overall progression of the disease and has not been demonstrated to address cognitive issues. Even with ERT, people with Hunter syndrome face life-limiting symptoms and a significantly reduced life span.
“We believe a lentiviral gene therapy approach is well suited to treat a progressive and pervasive disease such as Hunter syndrome, which affects organs throughout the body and severely impairs cognitive function. If we treat children early, before their symptoms arise, we hope to prevent the tragic complications that rob these young children of their futures,” said Geoff MacKay, AVROBIO’s president and CEO. “We believe our deep experience with investigational gene therapies for lysosomal disorders will enable us to efficiently move the program through clinical development in collaboration with Prof. Brian Bigger, who has done tremendous work to develop and optimize this investigational gene therapy. We’re proud to add this program to our leading lysosomal disorder pipeline and excited about its potential to change the lives of patients and families living with Hunter syndrome.”
The investigator-sponsored Phase 1/2 clinical trial for Hunter syndrome is expected to enter the clinic in the second half of 2021. The program was developed by Brian Bigger, Ph.D., a professor of cell and gene therapy at the University of Manchester, U.K. Prof. Bigger has published preclinical data demonstrating that the introduction of the transgene with an optimized, proprietary tag has the potential to correct peripheral disease and normalize brain pathology. Primary investigators for the Phase 1/2 clinical trial will be Prof. Robert Wynn, M.D., consultant pediatric hematologist at the Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, and Dr. Simon Jones, MBChB, consultant pediatric physician for inherited metabolic diseases at the Willink Unit, Saint Mary’s Hospital and the Manchester Centre for Genomic Medicine.
“We feel an enormous urgency to bring forward a treatment that may halt this deadly disease in its tracks, before symptoms emerge and before children lose their physical and cognitive skills,” said Prof. Bigger. “We are delighted to be working with AVROBIO on this program. Both of our teams have deep experience running international clinical trials in other lysosomal disorders. AVROBIO also has a leading gene therapy platform, plato®, which is designed to optimize the consistency, predictability and efficacy of its gene therapies and to enable efficient scaling for worldwide commercialization. Both these factors make AVROBIO an excellent partner for our investigational Hunter syndrome gene therapy. By working together, we believe we can greatly accelerate development of this important program.”
The investigational gene therapy, which will be called AVR-RD-05, involves ex vivo transduction of the patient’s own hematopoietic stem cells with a therapeutic transgene designed to express functional enzyme the patient needs to maintain cellular health, coupled to a proprietary protein tag that is designed to improve stability of the enzyme in the bloodstream and facilitate uptake by tissues from head to toe. When reinfused into the patient, the gene-modified stem cells are expected to engraft in the bone marrow and produce generations of daughter cells, each carrying the transgene. Those daughter cells are then expected to differentiate into macrophages, microglia and other components of the immune system and circulate throughout the body and central nervous system, potentially enabling widespread distribution of functional enzyme.
AVROBIO’s other investigational gene therapies for lysosomal disorders are being evaluated in a Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trial for Fabry disease, a Phase 1/2 trial for cystinosis and a Phase 1/2 trial for Gaucher disease. In addition, the company is advancing a preclinical program in Pompe disease. Further details on the new Hunter syndrome program will be discussed at AVROBIO’s upcoming virtual R&D Day on Tuesday, Nov. 17, 2020.
Financial terms of the agreement
The University of Manchester’s technology transfer office, the University of Manchester Innovation Factory and AVROBIO have negotiated an exclusive, worldwide license agreement to the technology and a collaborative research funding agreement. Under the license agreement, AVROBIO will pay The University of Manchester an upfront cash payment and additional payments based on development and regulatory milestones. The company will also pay The University of Manchester a mid-single digit percentage royalty on annual net sales of licensed products. Additionally, under the collaborative research funding agreement, AVROBIO will cover budgeted Phase 1/2 clinical trial costs.
About Hunter syndrome
Hunter syndrome, also known as mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), is a lysosomal disorder caused by a mutation in the IDS gene that leads to a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS), which is essential for breaking down large sugar molecules called glycosaminoglycans (GAGs, also known as mucopolysaccharides). Without functional IDS, toxic levels of GAGs build up throughout the body and central nervous system, causing a wide range of symptoms including cognitive decline and cardiac and respiratory dysfunction. The current standard of care is weekly enzyme replacement therapy, which may delay some symptoms but does not halt the overall progression of disease and does not cross the blood-brain barrier, an intricate web of protective tissue that selectively prevents macromolecules from entering the brain. Even with treatment, people with Hunter syndrome face life-limiting symptoms and a significantly reduced life span. The disorder affects an estimated one in 100,000 to one in 170,000 males worldwide; about two-thirds of cases have an early, severe progressive form.
About AVROBIO’s personalized gene therapy approach
Our investigational lentiviral gene therapies start with the patient’s own hematopoietic stem cells. We use a lentiviral vector to transduce those cells in order to insert a therapeutic gene designed to enable the patient to produce a supply of the functional protein they lack. These cells are then infused back into the patient, where they are expected to engraft in the bone marrow and produce generations of daughter cells, each containing a copy or copies of the therapeutic gene. To optimize engraftment, we use a personalized conditioning regimen with precision dosing of busulfan to make space and enable durable engraftment in the patient’s bone marrow and central nervous system (CNS). Busulfan is an established conditioning agent that has been administered to hundreds of patients treated with lentiviral gene therapies. Our approach is designed to drive durable production of the functional protein throughout the patient’s body, thereby potentially addressing symptoms from “head to toe,” including those originating in the CNS.
About lentiviral gene therapy
Lentiviral vectors are differentiated from other delivery mechanisms because of their large cargo capacity and their ability to integrate the therapeutic gene directly into the patient’s chromosomes. This integration is designed to maintain the therapeutic gene’s presence as the patient’s cells divide, which potentially enables dosing of pediatric patients, whose cells divide rapidly as they grow. Because the therapeutic gene is integrated using the vector into patients’ own stem cells, patients are not excluded from receiving the investigational therapy due to pre-existing antibodies to the viral vector.
Our vision is to bring personalized gene therapy to the world. We aim to halt, reverse or prevent disease throughout the body with a single dose of gene therapy designed to drive durable expression of functional protein, even in hard-to-reach tissues and organs including the brain, muscle and bone. Our clinical-stage programs include Fabry disease, Gaucher disease and cystinosis and we also are advancing preclinical programs in Hunter syndrome and Pompe disease. AVROBIO is powered by the plato® gene therapy platform, our foundation designed to scale gene therapy worldwide. We are headquartered in Cambridge, Mass., with an office in Toronto, Ontario. For additional information, visit avrobio.com, and follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn.