Iovance Reports Pivotal Cohort 4 Data for Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocyte (TIL) Therapy Lifileucel from C-144-01 Clinical Study in Advanced Melanoma
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- Published on Thursday, 28 May 2020 11:12
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Cohort 4 Early Data Shows 32.4% ORR by Investigator Assessment at 5.3 Months of Median Study Follow up
Cohort 2 Median Duration of Response Not Reached at 18.7 Months of Median Study Follow Up and 36.4% ORR
SAN CARLOS, CA, USA I May 27, 2020 I Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: IOVA), a late-stage biotechnology company developing novel T cell-based cancer immunotherapies, today announced initial data from pivotal Cohort 4 and updated long-term data from Cohort 2 in the C-144-01 study of lifileucel in advanced melanoma.
“We are very pleased to announce our pivotal Cohort 4 early data from the C-144-01 clinical study in advanced melanoma today,” said Maria Fardis, Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Iovance Biotherapeutics. “The data from the first 68 patients in Cohort 4, with a 32.4% overall response rate (ORR) at 5.3 months of median study follow up, is highly consistent with what we have observed in Cohort 2 with comparable study follow up. For Cohort 2, median duration of response has not been reached at 18.7 months of study follow up. Available care for metastatic melanoma patients enrolled into our program is chemotherapy, which has been reported to offer a 4-10% response rate with a very short median duration of response. Together, these early data continue to support the potential benefit of the one-time administration of lifileucel TIL therapy in advanced melanoma patients.”
Interim Pivotal Cohort 4 Results
Initial results from the pivotal Cohort 4 in the C-144-01 clinical study is available for 68 patients with two radiological assessments, as determined by investigator. Primary endpoint for the C-144-01 Cohort 4 study is ORR by independent review committee and secondary endpoint is ORR by investigator. Lifileucel shows a 32.4% overall response rate (1 complete response and 21 partial responses, 2 of which are yet to be confirmed with follow up visits) and a disease control rate of 72.1% as of the data cut off of 16 Mar 2020. This data is consistent with what was noted in Cohort 2 at 6 months of median study follow up. The ORR was 33% as reported in SITC 2018 abstract.
The Cohort 4 metastatic melanoma patients have a similar patient characteristic profile to Cohort 2 with high baseline disease burden. They have progressed on multiple prior therapies, including anti-PD-1 and BRAF/MEK inhibitors. The adverse event profile was consistent with Cohort 2 and with the underlying advanced disease, lymphodepletion and IL-2 regimens. Cohort 4 dosed a total of 89 patients, and additional updates on Cohort 4 will be presented at upcoming medical meetings. Iovance remains on track to submit a biologics licensing application (BLA) for lifileucel in late 2020.
Updated Cohort 2 Results
Updated results from Cohort 2 will be presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program during an oral abstract session titled, “Long-term follow up of lifileucel (LN-144) cryopreserved autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocyte therapy in patients with advanced melanoma progressed on multiple prior therapies.” In this Cohort 2 data, lifileucel shows a 36.4% overall response rate (2 complete responses and 22 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 80% (n=66) as assessed by investigators. Median duration of response (DOR) was not reached at 18.7 months of median study follow up (2.2 to 26.9+ months). Durable responses have been observed across a wide age range in metastatic melanoma patients who have received prior anti-CTLA-4 and BRAF targeted treatments, regardless of BRAF mutation status, and equally in patients with PD-L1 high and low status.
The Cohort 2 melanoma patients are heavily pretreated with high baseline disease burden. They have progressed on multiple prior therapies (3.3 mean prior therapies), including anti-PD-1 and BRAF/MEK inhibitors. The adverse event profile was consistent with the underlying advanced disease, lymphodepletion and IL-2 regimens.
The oral abstract session at ASCO20 will be available on demand in the ASCO Meeting Library at https://meetinglibrary.asco.org/. Details of the presentation are as follows:
Title: Long-term follow up of lifileucel (LN-144) cryopreserved autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocyte therapy in patients with advanced melanoma progressed on multiple prior therapies
Authors: Amod Sarnaik, et al.
Session Title: Melanoma/Skin Cancers
Session Type: Oral Abstract Session
Abstract Number: 10006
Location: ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program at https://meetings.asco.org/am/virtual-program
Date/Time: available for on-demand viewing starting at 8:00am ET on May 29, 2020
Furthermore, Iovance will provide results from Cohort 4 as well as Cohort 2 of the C-144-01 study in metastatic melanoma as part of the BLA package. Based on the pooled analysis of Cohort 2 plus 4 (n=134), the overall response rate was 34.3%, including three complete responses, 43 partial responses (two of which are yet to be confirmed with follow up visits) and a disease control rate of 76.1%. Median DOR was not reached at 10.6 months of median study follow up.
About Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc.
Iovance Biotherapeutics aims to improve patient care by making T cell-based immunotherapies broadly accessible for the treatment of patients with solid tumors and blood cancers. Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) therapy uses a patient’s own immune cells to attack cancer. TIL cells are extracted from a patient’s own tumor tissue, expanded through a proprietary process, and infused back into the patient. After infusion, TIL reach tumor tissue, where they attack tumor cells. The company has completed dosing in the pivotal study in patients with metastatic melanoma and is currently conducting a pivotal study in patients with advanced cervical cancer. In addition, the company’s TIL therapy is being investigated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic cancers including head and neck and non-small cell lung cancer. A clinical study to investigate Iovance T cell therapy for blood cancers called peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) therapy is open to enrollment. For more information, please visit www.iovance.com.
SOURCE: Iovance Biotherapeutics