Viela Bio Announces Positive Interim Results from a Phase 1b Study of VIB7734 in Patients with Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus
- Category: Antibodies
- Published on Thursday, 14 May 2020 11:32
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-Safety profile comparable to placebo control-
-Potent depletion of plasmacytoid dendritic cells in peripheral blood and skin biopsies-
-Dose-dependent improvements in Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index (CLASI) scores-
GAITHERSBURG, MD, USA I May 13, 2020 I Viela Bio, Inc. (Nasdaq:VIE), a clinical-stage biotechnology company pioneering treatments for autoimmune and severe inflammatory diseases, today announced positive interim Phase 1b data from a study with VIB7734, its novel anti-ILT7 therapy, in patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE). VIB7734 was designed to deplete plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), an important source of inflammatory mediators in autoimmune diseases. This trial includes three cohorts of patients at ascending dose levels. Cohorts 2 and 3 enrolled patients with CLE. Key measures include safety and tolerability, pDC depletion in peripheral blood and skin lesions of patients with CLE, and Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index (CLASI) scores. Interim results include safety data from patients in cohorts 1 and 2 and a subset of patients in cohort 3, pharmacodynamics results from cohort 2, and CLASI results from cohort 2 and a subset of patients in cohort 3. The interim findings indicated safety and tolerability comparable to placebo control across all cohorts, potent depletion of pDC both in peripheral blood and in inflamed CLE skin lesion biopsies in cohort 2, and dose-dependent reduction in CLASI scores of 4 points or more, which is considered a clinically meaningful change, in cohorts 2 and 3.
“We are very pleased with the interim safety, tolerability and pharmacodynamics results observed in this trial, indicating VIB7734’s potential ability to safely deplete pDCs—a specialized innate immune cell implicated in various autoimmune diseases, including lupus—in inflamed tissues,” said Jorn Drappa, M.D., Ph.D., Viela’s Chief Medical Officer. “The skin biopsy results measuring pDCs and interferon related biomarkers before and after treatment as well as the CLASI scores—a scale that quantifies skin disease activity in CLE patients—indicated clinically meaningful change from baseline in all three measurements when compared to placebo. The safety profile and depletion of pDCs in peripheral blood were consistent with our Phase 1a trial. We look forward to the final data from this trial and providing additional information at a future medical conference.”
Continued Dr. Drappa: “Based on these encouraging results, we intend to advance the program into several Phase 2 clinical studies in indications with high unmet need that are thought to be driven by pDCs.”
This Phase 1b clinical study enrolled three cohorts and is designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of VIB7734 when given by three monthly subcutaneous doses at escalating dose levels. Cohort 1 enrolled patients with several autoimmune diseases thought to be driven by pDCs. Cohorts 2 and 3 enrolled patients with CLE. In cohorts 2 and 3, skin biopsies were taken before and after treatment to enumerate pDCs and measure interferon mediated gene expression. A clinical disease activity score (CLASI) was also periodically measured in cohorts 2 and 3. The study enrolled a total of 31 patients. Cohort 1 enrolled 8 patients, cohort 2 enrolled 12 patients, and cohort 3 enrolled 11 patients. Each cohort included placebo controls. Final results from cohort 3 are expected in 3Q 2020. The trial was not powered to detect statistically significant changes in pDC depletion and the CLASI scores between placebo and treatment arms.
For more information about the trial, please visit clinicaltrials.gov
VIB7734 is a novel candidate in development for the treatment of autoimmune diseases caused by the overproduction of type I interferons and other cytokines secreted by specialized innate immune cells called plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). VIB7734, a monoclonal antibody, is designed to target and bind to ILT7, a cell surface molecule specific to pDCs, leading to their depletion. In turn, this may also decrease other inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6, which are critical to the pathogenesis of a number of autoimmune diseases.
About Viela Bio
Viela Bio, headquartered in Gaithersburg, Maryland, is a clinical-stage biotechnology company pioneering treatments for autoimmune and severe inflammatory diseases. For more information, please visit www.vielabio.com
SOURCE: Viale Bio