FibroGen Announces U.S. FDA Acceptance of New Drug Application for Roxadustat for the Treatment of Anemia of Chronic Kidney Disease
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Wednesday, 12 February 2020 18:12
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SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA I February 11, 2020 I FibroGen, Inc. (NASDAQ:FGEN) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has completed its filing review of its New Drug Application (NDA) for roxadustat for the treatment of anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD), in both non-dialysis-dependent (NDD) and dialysis-dependent (DD) patients. The application will be considered filed on February 18, 2020. The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) date of December 20, 2020.
“The FDA’s acceptance of the roxadustat new drug application is a critical step towards providing a new treatment option in the United States for chronic kidney disease patients suffering from anemia, a serious and often life-threatening disease,” said Enrique Conterno, Chief Executive Officer, FibroGen.
“There is significant unmet medical need for patients with anemia of CKD, who have seen only limited advances in the last three decades,” said Peony Yu, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, FibroGen. “We intend to work closely with the FDA, in collaboration with our partner, AstraZeneca, to make this novel oral therapy available as soon as possible.”
The filing of the roxadustat NDA triggers a $50 million milestone payment from AstraZeneca (LSE/STO/NYSE: AZN) to FibroGen.
Roxadustat is the first orally administered small molecule hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) inhibitor accepted by the FDA for review for the treatment of anemia of CKD. The submission is supported by positive results from a global Phase 3 program encompassing more than 8,000 patients.
Roxadustat is currently approved in China for the treatment of anemia in patients with CKD, regardless of whether they require dialysis, and in Japan for the treatment of dialysis patients with anemia of CKD. FibroGen’s partner Astellas also intends to file a marketing authorization application with the European Medicines Agency in the first half of 2020.
About Anemia Associated with CKD
Anemia results from the reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, in which patients typically have insufficient red blood cells and/or low levels of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells throughout the body. CKD anemia, which can be associated with increased risk of hospitalization, cardiovascular complications, and death, also frequently causes significant fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, and reduced quality of life. Severe anemia is common in patients with CKD, cancer, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), inflammatory diseases, and other serious illnesses.
CKD is generally a progressive disease characterized by gradual loss of kidney function that may eventually lead to kidney failure, or end stage renal disease, requiring dialysis or kidney transplant to survive. The prevalence of CKD in the adult population is estimated at 10-12% globally. Anemia is particularly prevalent in patients with CKD, and life-threatening severe anemia in CKD patients is often treated with blood transfusions. However, such transfusions reduce the patient’s opportunity for kidney transplant, increase risk of infections, and carry the risk of complications such as heart failure and allergic reactions.
According to the United States Renal Data System (USRDS), over 14% of the U.S. adult population is affected by CKD, and a majority of dialysis-eligible CKD patients are currently on dialysis. It is estimated that approximately 509,000 patients are receiving dialysis in the U.S. as of 2016.
Roxadustat (FG-4592) is a first-in-class, orally administered small molecule HIF-PH inhibitor that promotes erythropoiesis through increasing endogenous production of erythropoietin, as well as improving iron regulation and overcoming the EPO-suppressive effects of inflammation on hemoglobin syntheses and red blood cell production.
Roxadustat is currently approved in China for the treatment of anemia in CKD patients on dialysis and patients not on dialysis and approved in Japan for the treatment of anemia in CKD patients on dialysis. Roxadustat is in Phase 3 clinical development in the U.S. and Europe and in Phase 2/3 development in China for anemia associated with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and in a Phase 2 U.S. trial for treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia.
Astellas and FibroGen are collaborating on the development and commercialization of roxadustat for the treatment of anemia in territories including Japan, Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East, and South Africa. AstraZeneca and FibroGen are collaborating on the development and commercialization of roxadustat for the treatment of anemia in the U.S., China, and other markets in the Americas and in Australia/New Zealand as well as Southeast Asia.
FibroGen, Inc., headquartered in San Francisco, California, with subsidiary offices in Beijing and Shanghai, People’s Republic of China, is a leading biopharmaceutical company discovering and developing a pipeline of first-in-class therapeutics. The company applies its pioneering expertise in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) biology, and clinical development to advance innovative medicines for the treatment of anemia, fibrotic disease, and cancer. Roxadustat, the company’s most advanced product, is an oral small molecule inhibitor of HIF prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) activity, completing worldwide Phase 3 clinical development for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and is approved by the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) in China for CKD patients on dialysis and not on dialysis, and by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) in Japan for CKD patients on dialysis. The NDA for roxadustat for treatment of CKD anemia was submitted to the U.S. FDA in December 2019. Roxadustat is in Phase 3 clinical development in the U.S. and Europe and in Phase 2/3 development in China for anemia associated with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and in a Phase 2 U.S. trial for treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia. Pamrevlumab, an anti-CTGF human monoclonal antibody, is in Phase 3 clinical development for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and pancreatic cancer, and is currently in a Phase 2 trial for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). FibroGen is also developing a biosynthetic cornea in China. For more information, please visit www.fibrogen.com