Esperion Announces Positive CHMP Opinion for the Marketing Authorisation Application for Bempedoic Acid for the Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia and Mixed Dyslipidemia
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Sunday, 02 February 2020 10:44
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– Bempedoic Acid is an Oral, Once-Daily, Non-Statin Medicine that Lowers Bad Cholesterol with a First-in-Class Mechanism –
– Positive CHMP Opinion is Based on the Completed Pivotal Phase 3 LDL-Cholesterol Lowering Program –
– European Commission Decision on the Marketing Authorisation Application (MAA) Expected in April 2020; Daiichi Sankyo Europe to Lead EU Commercialization –
ANN ARBOR, MI, USA I January 31, 2020 I Esperion (NASDAQ: ESPR) today announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has adopted a positive opinion for the MAA for the bempedoic acid tablet, recommending approval for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia. The positive CHMP opinion was achieved with no Oral Explanation as the Rapporteurs found there were no substantive issues that needed to be discussed with the CHMP at the time of the vote.
The benefits with the bempedoic acid tablet are its ability to reduce levels of LDL-C, but also non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (apo B), and total cholesterol (TC) in patients with hypercholesterolaemia or mixed dyslipidaemia when administered alone and in combination with other lipid-modifying medicinal products. The most common side effects are hyperuricaemia, pain in extremity, and anaemia.
The CHMP recommended granting the bempedoic acid tablet marketing authorisation for the treatment of adults with primary hypercholesterolaemia (heterozygous familial and non-familial) or mixed dyslipidaemia, as an adjunct to diet:
- in combination with a statin or statin with other lipid lowering therapies in patients unable to reach LDL-C goals with the maximum tolerated dose of a statin, or
- alone or in combination with other lipid-lowering therapies in patients who are statin intolerant, or for whom a statin is contraindicated.
The CHMP is a scientific committee of the EMA that reviews medical product applications on their scientific and clinical merit. The European Commission will review the CHMP opinion and is expected to adopt a final decision in April 2020. The decision will be applicable to all 27 European Union member states plus the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein.
“Today’s positive recommendations from the CHMP brings bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid / ezetimibe fixed dose combination tablets one step closer to helping the millions of patients in the European Economic Area who have not achieved their LDL-C goals despite currently available medicines including those who are statin intolerant,” said Tim M. Mayleben, president and chief executive officer of Esperion. “We look forward to continuing to work with the EMA to complete the procedure for these two MAAs by next quarter."
“This is the first Positive Regulatory Agency acceptance for an ACL inhibitor and for our medicines,” said Ashley Hall, chief development officer of Esperion. “Today’s decisions validate bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid / ezetimibe combination tablets for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia. It also demonstrates the results from the remarkable efforts of our Esperion Team to bring these new medicines to the community of physicians and their patients.”
The positive CHMP opinion for the bempedoic acid tablet is supported by the global pivotal Phase 3 LDL-C Lowering Program conducted in more than 4,000 patients. The bempedoic acid tablet provided up to 18 percent placebo corrected LDL-C lowering when used with moderate- and high-intensity statins and 21 to 28 percent placebo corrected LDL-C lowering when used with low dose or no background statin. Results from the Phase 3 development program have been published in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Journal of the American Medical Association, The Journal of the American Heart Association, and Atherosclerosis.
Daiichi Sankyo Europe has licensed exclusive commercialization rights to bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid /ezetimibe fixed dose combination tablets in the European Economic Area and Switzerland from Esperion. Daiichi Sankyo’s European cardiovascular commercial capabilities include more than 1,000 professionals dedicated to the commercialization of cardiovascular medicines and includes synergies with an existing portfolio of novel oral anticoagulant and antiplatelet products. Upon approval, Daiichi Sankyo Europe intends to make bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid / ezetimibe fixed dose combination tablets available to physicians and their patients in these geographies that need treatment for hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia.
Bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid / ezetimibe fixed dose combination tablets are being developed globally as affordable, convenient, oral, once-daily, non-statin medicines for the treatment of patients with elevated LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) who are not at goal. Bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid 180 mg + ezetimibe 10 mg fixed dose combination tablets new drug applications (NDAs) are also under regulatory review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with PDUFA dates of February 21st and 26th 2020.
Bempedoic acid is our lead, oral, once-daily, non-statin, LDL-C lowering therapeutic candidate, currently under regulatory review by the FDA and EMA. With a targeted mechanism of action, bempedoic acid is a first-in-class, ATP Citrate Lyase (ACL) inhibitor that lowers LDL-C by reducing cholesterol biosynthesis and up-regulating the LDL receptor. Bempedoic acid has been observed to reduce high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a key marker of inflammation associated with cardiovascular disease. Completed Phase 3 studies conducted in more than 4,000 patients, with over 2,600 patients treated with bempedoic acid, demonstrated up to 18 percent placebo corrected LDL-C lowering when used with moderate- and high-intensity statins and 21 to 28 percent placebo corrected LDL-C lowering when used with low dose or no background statin. Phase 3 results also show bempedoic acid reduced hsCRP 19 to 31 percent. Pooled phase 3 data highlighted that bempedoic acid reduced hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) by 0.19% versus placebo in patients with diabetes (n=1,134) at 12 weeks.
Bempedoic Acid / Ezetimibe Fixed Dose Combination Tablet
Through the complementary mechanisms of action of inhibition of cholesterol synthesis (bempedoic acid) and inhibition of cholesterol absorption (ezetimibe), the bempedoic acid / ezetimibe fixed dose combination tablet is a non-statin, oral, once-daily, LDL-C lowering therapeutic candidate, currently under review by the FDA and EMA. Inhibition of ATP Citrate Lyase (ACL) by bempedoic acid lowers LDL-C by reducing cholesterol biosynthesis and up-regulating the LDL receptor. Inhibition of Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) by ezetimibe results in reduced absorption of cholesterol from the gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing delivery of cholesterol to the liver. Phase 3 data demonstrated that this combination resulted in a 29 percent placebo corrected LDL-C lowering when used with maximally tolerated statins, a 44 percent LDL-C lowering when used with no background statin (post-hoc analysis), and a 34 percent reduction in high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP).
CLEAR Cardiovascular Outcomes Trial
The effect of bempedoic acid on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not yet been determined. Esperion initiated a global cardiovascular outcomes trial (CVOT) to assess the effects of bempedoic acid on the occurrence of major cardiovascular events in patients with, or at high risk for, cardiovascular disease (CVD) who are only able to tolerate less than the lowest approved daily starting dose of a statin and considered "statin averse." The CVOT — known as CLEAR Cardiovascular Outcomes Trial — is an event-driven, global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that completed enrollment in August 2019 of 14,032 patients with hypercholesterolemia and high CVD risk at over 1,400 sites in 32 countries.
Esperion Therapeutics’ Commitment to Patients with Primary Hypercholesterolemia (heterozygous familial and non-familial) or Mixed Dyslipidemia
High levels of LDL-C can lead to a build-up of fat and cholesterol in and on artery walls (known as atherosclerosis), potentially leading to cardiovascular events, including heart attack or stroke. In the U.S., 96 million people, or more than 37 percent of the adult population, have elevated LDL-C. There are approximately 18 million people in the U.S. with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) who live with elevated levels of LDL-C despite taking maximally tolerated lipid-modifying therapy — including individuals considered statin averse — leaving them at high risk for cardiovascular events1. In the United States, more than 50 percent of ASCVD patients who are not able to reach their LDL-C goals with statins alone need less than a 40 percent reduction to reach their LDL-C threshold2.
Esperion's mission as the Lipid Management Company is to deliver oral, once-daily, non-statin, medicines that complement existing oral drugs to provide the additional LDL-C lowering that these patients need.
Through scientific and clinical excellence, and a deep understanding of cholesterol biology, the experienced Lipid Management Team at Esperion is committed to developing new LDL-C lowering medicines that will make a substantial impact on reducing global cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death around the world. For more information, please visit www.esperion.com and follow us on Twitter at https://twitter.com/EsperionInc.
1 Esperion market research on file: research project interviewing 350 physicians. Esperion Therapeutics, Inc. Sept-Oct 2018.
2 Data on file: analysis of NHANES database. Esperion Therapeutics, Inc. 2018.
SOURCE: Esperion Therapeutics