Exelixis Announces Results for Combination of Cabozantinib and Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Saturday, 25 January 2020 09:53
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– Data from the CheckMate 040 trial presented at the 2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology’s Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium –
ALAMEDA, CA, USA I January 24, 2020 IExelixis, Inc. (NASDAQ: EXEL) today announced phase 1/2 clinical trial results from the combination of cabozantinib (CABOMETYX®) and nivolumab (Opdivo®) with or without ipilimumab (Yervoy®) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Data from the cabozantinib combination cohort of the CheckMate 040 trial will be presented on Friday, January 24 during Rapid Abstract Session B from 7:00 – 7:45 a.m. PT at the 2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology’s Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium (ASCO GI), which is being held in San Francisco, California, January 23-25, 2020. The data will also be included in Poster Session B from 12:00 – 1:30 p.m. PT and 4:30 – 5:30 p.m. PT on January 24.
CheckMate 040 is a phase 1/2 study that includes an exploratory cohort of patients with advanced HCC who were either treatment naïve (41%) or who were intolerant to or had progressed on prior sorafenib therapy (59%). For the 36 patients treated with the combination of cabozantinib and nivolumab (17 treatment naïve [47%] and 19 with prior sorafenib therapy [53%]), the investigator-assessed objective response rate (ORR) was 19%, and disease control rate (DCR) was 75%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.4 months, and median overall survival was 21.5 months. For the 35 patients treated with the combination of cabozantinib, nivolumab and ipilimumab (12 treatment naïve [34%] and 23 with prior sorafenib therapy [66%]), the investigator-assessed ORR was 29%, and DCR was 83%. Median PFS was 6.8 months, and median overall survival had not yet been reached.
“We are pleased to report clinically meaningful responses from CheckMate 040 cohort 6 in advanced liver cancer patients treated with these cabozantinib combinations,” said Thomas Yau, M.D., Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, and a lead investigator of the trial. “Patients with advanced liver cancer need new and effective treatment options. Based on the cohort six findings, cabozantinib in combination with immunotherapy offers a potentially powerful and attractive new treatment approach that warrants further study in advanced liver cancer populations.”
No new safety signals were identified in this combination cohort. Treatment-related grade 3 or 4 adverse events were observed in 47% of the cabozantinib and nivolumab group; events occurring in more than 5% of patients were hypertension (11%), diarrhea (11%), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increase (8%) and lipase increase (6%). Treatment-related grade 3 or 4 adverse events were observed in 71% of the cabozantinib, nivolumab and ipilimumab group; events occurring in more than 5% of patients were AST increase (23%), lipase increase (17%), ALT increase (17%), hypertension (17%) and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia (9%). Discontinuation rates due to treatment-related adverse events were 11% for the cabozantinib and nivolumab group and 20% for the cabozantinib, nivolumab and ipilimumab group.
“As we just marked one year since CABOMETYX was approved for the treatment of patients with advanced hepatocellular cancer who have previously received sorafenib, it’s exciting to be sharing new data featuring cabozantinib as part of a combination with immunotherapies,” said Gisela Schwab, M.D., President, Product Development and Medical Affairs and Chief Medical Officer, Exelixis. “The promising clinical activity observed for these cohorts in CheckMate 040 suggests combination therapy with cabozantinib and immunotherapy may potentially benefit patients with this aggressive disease.”
More information about this trial is available at ClinicalTrials.gov.
About CheckMate 040
CheckMate 040 is a phase 1/2, open-label trial investigating nivolumab or nivolumab-based combinations in patients with advanced HCC with and without chronic viral hepatitis who are naïve, intolerant to or who have progressed during sorafenib therapy. Patients in the cabozantinib combination cohort were randomized 1:1 to receive either nivolumab plus cabozantinib or nivolumab plus cabozantinib and ipilimumab. Primary endpoints include ORR (investigator assessed using RECIST v1.1) and safety/tolerability. The trial is sponsored by Bristol-Myers Squibb. Exelixis is co-funding the trial and providing cabozantinib. Ipsen has opted in to participate in the trial and is contributing to the funding for this study under the terms of our collaboration agreement.
Liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, accounting for more than 700,000 deaths and 800,000 new cases each year.1 In the U.S., the incidence of liver cancer has more than tripled since 1980.2 HCC is the most common form of liver cancer, making up about three-fourths of the estimated 43,000 new cases in the U.S. in 2020.2 HCC is the fastest-rising cause of cancer-related death in the U.S.3 Without treatment, patients with advanced HCC usually survive less than 6 months.4
About CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib)
In the U.S., CABOMETYX tablets are approved for the treatment of patients with advanced RCC and for the treatment of patients with HCC who have been previously treated with sorafenib. CABOMETYX tablets have also received regulatory approvals in the European Union and additional countries and regions worldwide. In 2016, Exelixis granted Ipsen exclusive rights for the commercialization and further clinical development of cabozantinib outside of the United States and Japan. In 2017, Exelixis granted exclusive rights to Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited for the commercialization and further clinical development of cabozantinib for all future indications in Japan.
Please see Important Safety Information below and full U.S. prescribing information at https://cabometyx.com/downloads/CABOMETYXUSPI.pdf.
Founded in 1994, Exelixis, Inc. (NASDAQ:EXEL) is a commercially successful, oncology-focused biotechnology company that strives to accelerate the discovery, development and commercialization of new medicines for difficult-to-treat cancers. Following early work in model system genetics, we established a broad drug discovery and development platform that has served as the foundation for our continued efforts to bring new cancer therapies to patients in need. Our discovery efforts have resulted in four commercially available products, CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib), COMETRIQ® (cabozantinib), COTELLIC® (cobimetinib) and MINNEBRO® (esaxerenone), and we have entered into partnerships with leading pharmaceutical companies to bring these important medicines to patients worldwide. Supported by revenues from our marketed products and collaborations, we are committed to prudently reinvesting in our business to maximize the potential of our pipeline. We are supplementing our existing therapeutic assets with targeted business development activities and internal drug discovery — all to deliver the next generation of Exelixis medicines and help patients recover stronger and live longer. Exelixis is a member of the Standard & Poor’s (S&P) MidCap 400 index, which measures the performance of profitable mid-sized companies. For more information about Exelixis, please visit www.exelixis.com, follow @ExelixisInc on Twitter or like Exelixis, Inc. on Facebook.
1 International Agency for Research on Cancer. GLOBOCAN 2018. Liver Fact Sheet. Available at: http://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/cancers/11-Liver-fact-sheet.pdf. Accessed January 2020.
2 American Cancer Society: Cancer Facts & Figures 2020. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/cancer-org/research/cancer-facts-and-statistics/annual-cancer-facts-and-figures/2020/cancer-facts-and-figures-2020.pdf. Accessed January 2020.
3 Siegel R, Miller K, Jemal A: Cancer Statistics, 2020. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Volume 70, Issue 1: 7-30. Available at: https://acsjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.3322/caac.21590. Accessed January 2020.
4 Weledji E, Orock G, Ngowe M, NsaghaD. How grim is hepatocellular carcinoma? Ann Med Surg. 2014. 3:71-76.