Kiniksa Announces Interim Data from KPL-716 Repeated-Single-Dose Phase 1b Clinical Trial

- Rapid and sustained anti-pruritic effect shown throughout the 12-week treatment period -
- No meaningful difference from placebo on other efficacy endpoints specific to atopic dermatitis -
- Data support focused development of KPL-716 in prurigo nodularis and diseases characterized by chronic pruritus -

HAMILTON, Bermuda I August 12, 2019 I Kiniksa Pharmaceuticals, Ltd. (Nasdaq: KNSA) (“Kiniksa”), a biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering, acquiring, developing and commercializing therapeutic medicines for patients with significant unmet medical need, today announced interim repeated-single-dose Phase 1b clinical data for KPL-716, an investigational fully-human monoclonal antibody that targets oncostatin M receptor beta (OSMRβ). In this clinical trial, weekly subcutaneous (SC) doses of KPL-716 resulted in a rapid and sustained reduction in pruritus throughout the 12-week treatment period but also a higher rate of atopic dermatitis flares. The results support Kiniksa’s ongoing development of KPL-716 in a Phase 2a clinical trial for prurigo nodularis and an exploratory Phase 2 clinical trial in diseases characterized by chronic pruritus.

“Data from the repeated-single-dose Phase 1b study of KPL-716 showed a rapid reduction in pruritus,” said Sanj K. Patel, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Kiniksa. “Our focus for KPL-716 continues to be on prurigo nodularis as well as select chronic pruritic conditions, and we have no current plans to invest in atopic dermatitis. Considering the anti-pruritic effect in this repeated-single-dose study, we are pursuing an earlier readout from our Phase 2a prurigo nodularis clinical trial.”

The repeated-single-dose Phase 1b clinical trial used a weekly 360 mg SC dose in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design in order to evaluate safety and exploratory disease response markers. The 360 mg SC dose was intended to replicate and extend exposures from the prior single-ascending-dose Phase 1b clinical trial where an early signal of efficacy was observed in reducing pruritus after a single 7.5 mg/kg intravenous dose. 

In the repeated-single-dose Phase 1b clinical trial, 43 subjects with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis were enrolled and randomized 1:1 to KPL-716 or placebo once weekly for 12 weeks. There was a seven-day wash out period of all other therapies before treatment, and topical corticosteroids were not allowed throughout the 12-week treatment period. However, rescue medication was available for atopic dermatitis flares throughout the study. 

In an interim analysis of the data through the 12-week treatment period, KPL-716 showed a rapid and sustained reduction in Worst-Itch Numeric Rating Scale (WI-NRS) in subjects with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis:

  • Mean change from baseline in weekly-average WI-NRS at Week 1 was -28.1% in KPL-716 recipients compared to -6.8% in placebo recipients.
  • Mean change from baseline in weekly-average WI-NRS at Week 12 was -55.0% in KPL-716 recipients compared to -30.9% in placebo recipients.
  • 52.6% of KPL-716 recipients demonstrated a ≥ 4-point reduction in weekly-average WI-NRS at Week 12 compared to 26.3% of placebo recipients.

There was no meaningful benefit of repeated-single-doses of KPL-716 on other efficacy endpoints specific to atopic dermatitis, including Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) and Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD).

There were no serious adverse events. However, there were more atopic dermatitis flares in the KPL-716-treated population versus placebo‚Äč (47.6% versus 4.5%) through the 12-week treatment period; all subjects who experienced a flare were successfully managed with topical corticosteroids. KPL-716 was otherwise well-tolerated by all subjects.

“We believe the data from the repeated-single-dose Phase 1b study show that KPL-716 has the potential to treat a spectrum of pruritic diseases which involve signaling through OSMRβ,” said John F. Paolini, MD, PhD, Chief Medical Officer of Kiniksa. “The pharmacokinetic data are consistent with our prior modeling and support the testing of lower and less frequent dosing.”

Kiniksa is enrolling a Phase 2a clinical trial of KPL-716 in subjects with prurigo nodularis. The primary efficacy endpoint is percent change from baseline in weekly average WI-NRS. Top-line data are expected in the first half of 2020.

Kiniksa is enrolling an exploratory Phase 2 clinical trial in diseases characterized by chronic pruritus. The trial is designed to identify chronic pruritic conditions where signaling of OSMRβ may be playing a role and to investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of KPL-716 in reducing the moderate-to-severe pruritus experienced by these subjects. Kiniksa expects to provide interim data from this study on a cohort-by-cohort basis throughout 2020.

About KPL-716
KPL-716 is an investigational fully-human monoclonal antibody that targets OSMRβ, which mediates signaling of interleukin-31 (IL-31) and oncostatin M (OSM), two key cytokines implicated in pruritus, inflammation and fibrosis. Kiniksa believes KPL-716 to be the only monoclonal antibody in development that targets both pathways simultaneously.

About Kiniksa
Kiniksa is a biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering, acquiring, developing and commercializing therapeutic medicines for patients suffering from debilitating diseases with significant unmet medical need. Kiniksa has a pipeline of product candidates across various stages of development, focused on autoinflammatory and autoimmune conditions. For more information, please visit www.kiniksa.com.

SOURCE: Kiniksa Pharmaceuticals

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