Celyad Presents Update on Autologous & Allogeneic NKG2D-based CAR-T Therapies in Solid Tumors
- Category: DNA RNA and Cells
- Published on Monday, 08 July 2019 10:24
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- Preliminary interim results from the alloSHRINK Phase 1 trial demonstrate no evidence of GvHD for first-in-class, non-gene edited allogeneic NKG2D-based CAR-T candidate CYAD-101 when administered concurrently with FOLFOX chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC)
- Initial observations of disease control, including partial response and stable disease, were observed with CYAD-01 and CYAD-101, in relapsed or refractory mCRC patients who have received prior FOLFOX chemotherapy
- At the same dose levels, allogeneic CYAD-101 appears to provide increased levels of relative cell engraftment as compared to autologous NKG2D-based CAR-T candidate, CYAD-01
- Management to hold a conference call on Friday, July 5th, at 2 p.m. CEDT/ 8 a.m. EDT
MONT-SAINT-GUIBERT, Belgium I July 05, 2019 I Celyad (Euronext Brussels and Paris, and Nasdaq: CYAD), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of CAR-T cell therapies, today announced that Professor Dr. Eric Van Cutsem from the University Hospital of Leuven (Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven, UZ Leuven) presented preliminary interim data from the ongoing SHRINK and alloSHRINK Phase 1 trials assessing safety and clinical activity of the NKG2D-based CAR-T therapies CYAD-01 (autologous) and CYAD-101 (allogeneic) for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 21st World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer (WCGIC). Following the oral and poster presentations at WCGIC, Celyad’s management team will host a conference call to discuss the initial clinical results from the SHRINK and alloSHRINK trials.
“We are encouraged by these initial results showing increased levels of cell engraftment of the non-gene edited allogeneic CAR-T candidate CYAD-101, and that following treatment with CYAD-101 we did not observe any evidence of graft versus host disease, our foremost concern with the allogeneic therapy” commented Professor Dr. Eric Van Cutsem, Gastrointestinal Oncologist at the University Hospital of Leuven. “In addition, anti-tumor activity has been observed with both the autologous CYAD-01 and allogeneic CYAD-101 candidates, in heavily pre-treated metastatic colorectal cancer patients who have received prior FOLFOX chemotherapy, providing confidence into this potential combination approach of CAR-T therapy with standard-of-care chemotherapy.”
Dr. Frédéric Lehmann, VP of Clinical Development & Medical Affairs at Celyad, commented “We are excited to share data on the first-in-class non-gene edited allogeneic CAR-T therapy CYAD-101 in metastatic colorectal cancer at ESMO GI in Barcelona. Professor Dr Van Cutsem gave us the great honor to share compelling clinical data for this novel class of NKG2D-based CAR-T therapies and the ability of the company’s novel T cell receptor Inhibiting Molecule, TIM, to reduce signalling of the TCR complex.”
SHRINK Phase 1 Trial Update
- To date, nine mCRC patients (three in each dose level (DL): DL-1: 1x108 cells, DL-2: 3x108 cells and DL-3: 1x109 cells) have been enrolled as part of the dose-escalation, SHRINK Phase 1 trial evaluating CYAD-01 administered concurrently with FOLFOX chemotherapy. Patient enrollment included four neoadjuvant first-line treatment CRC patients with resectable liver metastasis (no prior FOLFOX treatment) and five non-resectable mCRC patients with prior multiple chemotherapy lines including FOLFOX and/or FOLFIRI chemotherapy. The mean number of prior therapies received for the relapsed/refractory mCRC patients enrolled was three
- Treatment with CYAD-01 with standard FOLFOX chemotherapy was generally well-tolerated, with no reports of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) grade 2 or higher, related serious adverse events (SAEs), dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), nor on-target off-tumor toxicity
- Preliminary data show a dose–dependent effect on the kinetics of cells with higher levels of cell engraftment at higher doses of CYAD-01 doses
- Of the nine mCRC patients, one neoadjuvant patient experienced a partial response (PR) according to RECIST 1.1 criteria and a total of six patients experienced stable disease (SD) at month 3 including two neoadjuvant and four relapsed/refractory mCRC patients
alloSHRINK Phase 1 Trial Update
- To date, a total of six patients with relapsed/refractory mCRC have been enrolled in the two first dose-levels (three each at DL-1 (1x108 cells) and DL-2 (3x108 cells)) of the alloSHRINK trial evaluating CYAD-101 administered concurrently with FOLFOX chemotherapy. The mean number of prior therapies received for the patients enrolled was four
- No clinical evidence of Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) have been observed. These initial data support the ability of the company’s novel inhibitory peptide TIM (T cell receptor (TCR) Inhibiting Molecule) to reduce signaling of the TCR complex
- Host-versus-Graft (HvG) response against the allogeneic CYAD-101 cells appears to be controlled as evidenced by similar levels of CYAD-101 cell engraftment following the second and third infusions of the allogeneic cell therapy
- At the dose levels evaluated, the treatment with CYAD-101 in association with FOLFOX chemotherapy was well-tolerated, with no reports of CRS, related SAEs, DLTs, nor on-target off-tumor toxicity
- Encouraging anti-tumor activity was observed in one patient experiencing a partial response (PR) and three patients experiencing stable disease (SD) at month 3
- CYAD-101 appears to provide better relative cell engraftment as compared to CYAD-01, at the same dose levels
- Recruitment in DL-3 (1x109 cells) of the alloSHRINK trial is ongoing and preliminary results from the cohort are expected by year-end 2019
THINK CyFlu Phase 1 Cohort Update
- Three mCRC patients were enrolled in the THINK CyFlu cohort of the Phase 1 THINK trial and received a single injection of 300 million cells of CYAD-01 following preconditioning chemotherapy of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, or CyFlu
- Treatment with CYAD-01 following CyFlu was well tolerated with no reports of CRS grade 2 or higher, related SAEs, DLTs, nor on-target off-tumor toxicity
- Translational data from the cohort also suggest an improvement in cell engraftment of CYAD-01 induced by the CyFlu preconditioning as compared to the same dose of CYAD-01 without preconditioning chemotherapy
- Of the three patients enrolled, one patient achieved stable disease (SD), while two patients experienced disease progression
Conference Call / Webcast Details
A conference call including a Q&A session will be held by the Company on Friday July 5, 2019 at 2:00 pm CEDT / 8:00 am EDT.
The conference call can be accessed using the details below:
United States: +1 877 407 9208
International: +1 201 493 6784
Conference ID: 13692101
Alternatively, participants may also access an audio webcast of the event using the link below: http://public.viavid.com/index.php?id=135092
Background on CYAD-01 and CYAD-101
CYAD-01 is an investigational CAR-T therapy in which a patient's T cells are engineered to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) based on NKG2D, a receptor expressed on natural killer (NK) cells that binds to eight stress-induced ligands expressed on tumor cells. CYAD-101 is an investigational, non-gene edited, allogeneic (healthy donor derived) CAR-T therapy that co-expresses the NKG2D CAR of CYAD-01 and the novel inhibitory peptide TIM. The expression of TIM reduces signalling of the TCR complex, which is responsible for GvHD.
Background on SHRINK and alloSHRINK Trials
SHRINK is an open-label, dose-escalation Phase 1 trial assessing the safety and activity of CYAD-01 administered concurrently with FOLFOX chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Patients will receive six cycles of FOLFOX (combination of 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin) chemotherapy every two weeks and three administrations of CYAD-01 every two weeks.
alloSHRINK is an open-label, dose-escalation Phase 1 trial assessing the safety and clinical activity of CYAD-101 administered concurrently with FOLFOX chemotherapy in patients with unresectable mCRC. Similar to the SHRINK trial for CYAD-01, patients will receive six cycles of FOLFOX chemotherapy every two weeks and three administrations of CYAD-101 every two weeks.
Background on THINK CyFlu Cohort
In February 2018, the THINK trial was amended to include a cohort known as THINK CyFlu. The cohort evaluated a single injection of CYAD-01 following treatment with the standard preconditioning regimen of cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m²) and fludarabine (30 mg/m²), or CyFlu.
Celyad is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of specialized CAR-T cell-based product candidates and utilizes its expertise in cell engineering to target cancer. Celyad’s CAR-T cell platform has the potential to treat a broad range of solid and hematologic tumors. The company’s lead clinical candidate, CYAD-01, an autologous NKG2D-based CAR-T therapy, is currently being evaluated in several Phase 1 clinical trials to assess safety and clinical activity for the treatment of hematological malignancies, such as acute myeloid leukemia, and solid cancers, such as metastatic colorectal cancer. Celyad is also developing CYAD-101, an investigational, non-gene edited, allogeneic (donor derived) NKG2D-based CAR-T therapy, which is currently being evaluated in a Phase 1 trial for the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Celyad was founded in 2007 and is based in Mont-Saint-Guibert, Belgium, and New York, NY. Celyad’s ordinary shares are listed on the Euronext Brussels and Euronext Paris exchanges, and its American Depository Shares are listed on the Nasdaq Global Market, all under the ticker symbol CYAD.