First-in-Human Data Presented from Phase 1a Study of NKTR-358, a Novel T Regulatory Cell Stimulator, at Annual European Congress of Rheumatology
- Category: Proteins and Peptides
- Published on Thursday, 13 June 2019 17:39
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MADRID and SAN FRANCISCO, June 13, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Nektar Therapeutics (Nasdaq: NKTR) today announced the results of the first-in-human Phase 1a study evaluating single-ascending doses of NKTR-358, a first-in-class T regulatory cell stimulator in clinical development for the treatment of autoimmune and other chronic inflammatory conditions.
The data, which were presented during an oral session at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2019) in Madrid, show that NKTR-358 was safe and well-tolerated and led to a marked and selective dose-dependent expansion of T regulatory cells with no measurable effect on conventional CD4+ and CD8+ T cells (Tcons). NKTR-358 was discovered by Nektar and is being co-developed and commercialized in partnership with Eli Lilly and Company.
NKTR-358 is designed to correct the underlying immune system imbalance in people with autoimmune conditions, which are associated with reduced numbers and impaired function of powerful inhibitory immune cells, known as T regulatory (Treg) cells. NKTR-358 works by targeting the interleukin (IL-2) alpha-beta-gamma receptor complex in the body to stimulate proliferation of Treg cells and their suppressive functional activity.
"The data presented at EULAR 2019 demonstrate its meaningful and targeted effect of selective proliferation of Treg cells," said Brian Kotzin, M.D., Senior Vice President, Clinical Development and NKTR-358 Program Lead at Nektar Therapeutics. "This first-in-human single ascending dose study also demonstrated a favorable safety and tolerability profile. NKTR-358 is designed to help the body regulate and control pathogenic auto-reactive T cells and restore normal self-tolerance mechanisms and these data provide strong support to study NKTR-358 as a potential treatment for a range of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases."
The double-blind, single-ascending dose Phase 1a study evaluated 100 healthy volunteers who received subcutaneous doses of NKTR-358 ranging from 0.3 to 28 µg/kg. Subjects were followed for 50 days following administration.
Key highlights from today's data presentation include:
- NKTR-358 was safe and well tolerated in this first-in human study
- Preliminary data suggest dose-proportional pharmacokinetics for NKTR-358 and prolonged exposure with a half-life of 8-9 days
- NKTR-358 resulted in marked and selective dose-dependent expansion of CD25bright Treg cells
- NKTR-358 induced elevated Treg levels for > 20 days after a single dose administration
- No measurable changes in numbers and percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ Tcons at all doses and only low-level increases of NK cell numbers at highest doses tested
Autoimmune diseases cause the immune system to mistakenly attack healthy cells in a person's body. A failure of the body's self-tolerance mechanisms enables the formation of the pathogenic auto-reactive T lymphocytes that conduct this attack. NKTR-358 is a potential first-in-class resolution therapeutic that may address this underlying immune system imbalance in patients with many autoimmune conditions. It targets the interleukin (IL-2) receptor complex in the body in order to stimulate proliferation of powerful inhibitory immune cells known as regulatory T cells. By activating these cells, NKTR-358 may act to bring the immune system back into balance. Nektar entered into a strategic collaboration with Lilly in 2017 to develop and commercialize NKTR-358.
NKTR-358 is being developed as a self-administered injection for a number of autoimmune diseases. A Phase 1b study evaluating the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and immunological effects of multiple ascending doses of NKTR-358 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is ongoing and additional studies in other inflammatory diseases are planned.
Nektar Therapeutics is a research-based, development stage biopharmaceutical company whose mission is to discover and develop innovative medicines to address the unmet medical needs of patients. Our R&D pipeline of new investigational medicines includes treatments for cancer, autoimmune disease and chronic pain. We leverage Nektar's proprietary and proven chemistry platform in the discovery and design of our new therapeutic candidates. Nektar is headquartered in San Francisco, California, with additional operations in Huntsville, Alabama and Hyderabad, India. Further information about the company and its drug development programs and capabilities may be found online at http://www.nektar.com.
SOURCE: Nektar Therapeutics