Istaroxime Phase 2b Study Results Presented in Late Breaker Clinical Trial Session at the ESC Heart Failure Congress
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Friday, 31 May 2019 20:02
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Istaroxime Demonstrated Significantly Improved Cardiac Function in Patients with Acute Heart Failure
WARRINGTON, PA, USA I May 30, 2019 I Windtree Therapeutics, Inc. (OTCQB: WINT), a biotechnology and medical device company focused on developing drug product candidates and medical device technologies to address acute cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, today announced the presentation of new safety and efficacy data from a phase 2b study of istaroxime in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF) at a late-breaker session of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2019 Heart Failure Congress. The study achieved its primary endpoint by demonstrating a significant improvement (p<0.05) in cardiac function at both istaroxime study doses. The study further showed that stroke volume, a key secondary endpoint, was substantially increased. Importantly, certain toxicities and complications experienced with many existing acute heart failure therapies were not observed in istaroxime-treated patients, including no signals of increased arrhythmias or increased troponin levels, a common marker of heart muscle damage. Istaroxime significantly increased or maintained systolic blood pressure during treatment which may have contributed to a short-term trend toward improvement in renal function.
"We are very encouraged by the results from this phase 2b study evaluating istaroxime, our novel, dual action agent that addresses both cardiac contractility and relaxation in patients with acute heart failure," said Steve Simonson, M.D., Chief Medical Officer at Windtree. "We achieved our primary objective of improved cardiac function, while maintaining or increasing blood pressure and decreasing heart rate during the infusion. We also did not observe other important safety signals in the patients studied. These positive results are consistent with the physiologic improvements seen in the phase 2a study in a similar population of patients with acute heart failure. Based on these promising results, we look forward to progressing the development of istaroxime."
The phase 2b study in 120 patients was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of 24-hour infusions of two doses of istaroxime (0.5 and 1.0 µg/kg/min), compared to placebo, in the treatment of patients with acute heart failure. The primary endpoint of this study was a change from baseline to 24 hours after start of infusion (Day 1) in E/e' with istaroxime 0.5 or 1.0 µg/kg/min vs. placebo. The E/e' ratio is a marker of the function of the left ventricle (LV) of the heart and was measured using doppler echocardiography read by a central laboratory. Secondary endpoints included change in other parameters of cardiac function, such as diastolic function (E/A), stroke volume (SVI), left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), LV volumes, left atrial (LA) area, and interior vena cava (IVC) diameter.
Investigators of this study concluded that a 24-hour infusion of istaroxime was associated with significant improvements in cardiac function, in both dosing groups, with a mean E/e' of -4.55 for the 0.5 µg/kg/min group and -3.16 for the 1.0 µg/kg/min group, compared with mean placebo E/e' ratios of -1.55 and -1.08, respectively.
Twenty-four-hour infusions of istaroxime were also associated with substantial increases in stroke volume in both dosing groups, with a mean SVI value of 5.33 ml/beat/m2 for the 0.5 µg/kg/min group and 5.49 ml/beat/m2 for the 1.0 µg/kg/min group, compared with the mean placebo SVI of 1.65 ml/beat/m2 and 3.18 ml/beat/m2, respectively. Importantly, subjects also maintained or increased systolic blood pressure (SBP), with a mean change in SBP of 2.82 mmHg for the 0.5 µg/kg/min group and 6.1 mmHg for the 1.0 µg/kg/min group, compared with the mean placebo SBP values of -2.47 mmHg and 2.7 mmHg, respectively.
Istaroxime was generally well tolerated. Istaroxime did not appear to be associated with an increase in risk for arrhythmias or increases in cardiac troponin T. Cardiovascular related adverse events were 23 percent for placebo, 10 percent for istaroxime low dose, and 18 percent for istaroxime high dose with cardiac failure occurring in 3 percent, 5 percent and 8 percent of placebo, low and high dose of istaroxime patients, respectively. The most common adverse drug reactions reported included pain at infusion site, generally associated with use of short catheters, and dose-related gastrointestinal adverse events in 5 percent, 10 percent and 35 percent of placebo, low and high dose istaroxime, respectively.
Istaroxime is a first-in-class, dual action, luso-inotropic agent in clinical development for the treatment of acute heart failure. Istaroxime is an intravenously administered agent with a potent positive inotropic agent that increases myocardial contractility through inhibition of Na+/K+-ATPase. In addition, it facilitates myocardial relaxation through activation of the SERCA2a calcium pump on the sarcoplasmic reticulum and reduction in cytoplasmic calcium in order to increase fill and follow on stroke volume.
About Windtree Therapeutics
Windtree Therapeutics, Inc. is a clinical-stage, biopharmaceutical and medical device company focused on the development of novel therapeutics intended to address significant unmet medical needs in important acute care markets. Windtree has three lead clinical development programs and multiple pre-clinical programs spanning respiratory and cardiovascular disease states, including istaroxime, a novel, dual-acting agent being developed to improve cardiac function in patients with acute heart failure with a potentially improved side effect profile from existing treatments; AEROSURF®, an innovative combination drug/device product candidate that is designed to deliver the Company's proprietary synthetic, peptide-containing surfactant non-invasively to premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS); and rostafuroxin, a novel precision drug product being developed to target hypertensive patients with certain genetic profiles in the important group of patients with resistant hypertension. Windtree also has multiple pre-clinical products including potential heart failure therapies delivered orally that are based on SERCA2a mechanism of action.
For more information, please visit the Company's website at www.windtreetx.com.
SOURCE: Windtree Therapeutics