Arrowhead Preclinical Data Demonstrates RNAi Therapy Prevents and Reverses Alpha-1 Liver Disease at The International Liver Congress™
- Category: DNA RNA and Cells
- Published on Saturday, 13 April 2019 15:36
- Hits: 422
PASADENA, CA, USA I April 12, 2019 I Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today presented preclinical data at The International Liver Congress™ 2019 (ILC), the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL), demonstrating that sustained reduction of mutant Z-AAT protein by RNA interference (RNAi) substantially reversed the alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) disease phenotype in the PiZ mouse model. Arrowhead has completed a Phase 1 clinical trial of ARO-AAT, the company’s second generation subcutaneously administered RNAi therapeutic being developed as a treatment for AATD-related liver disease. Pending regulatory clearance, Arrowhead intends to initiate an adaptive Phase 2/3 trial with the potential to serve as a pivotal registrational study.
Bruce Given, M.D., chief operating officer and head of R&D at Arrowhead, said: “The results presented today at EASL from a long-term term preclinical study of our prior generation compound, ARC-AAT, suggest that RNAi holds great promise for the treatment of patients with AATD-associated liver disease. It is particularly encouraging that we were able to prevent liver damage and reverse existing damage in the PiZ mouse model that harbors the human Z-AAT gene and recapitulates many features of AATD liver disease. This gives us added confidence in the ARO-AAT clinical candidate as we embark on a Phase 2/3 clinical study, which has the potential to be registrational.”
In the study presented at ILC, PiZ mice were treated with ARC-AAT for 33 weeks. Measurements of plasma Z-AAT levels, Z-AAT protein accumulation in the liver, and expression of genes previously implicated in liver injury and development of fibrosis were taken. In addition, histological evaluations of globules and inflammation and an ultrastructural evaluation of the liver by electron microscopy were performed.
Key results include the following:
- Sustained RNAi reduction of Z-AAT substantially reversed the AATD disease phenotype:
- Deeply reduced monomeric Z-AAT protein in the liver
- Reduced polymeric Z-AAT in the liver
- Prevented the dramatic increase in globule size seen in age-matched control PiZ mice
- Improved abnormal endoplasmic reticulum morphology
- Prevented inflammation
- Prevented/reduced expression of fibrosis, redox-regulation, stress, apoptosis and autophagosome-associated genes
- Resulted in abundance of healthy mitochondria
Poster Presentation Details:
Reduction of hepatic Z-alpha1 antitrypsin by RNA interference (RNAi) prevents and reverses liver disease including hepatic mitochondrial injury in the PiZ mouse
- Presentation Reference: FRI-446
- Session: Poster: Rare liver diseases (including pediatric and genetic)
- Session Date and Time: April 12, 2019 at 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. CET
- Authors: Christine Wooddell, et al.
Additional details, including the presentation abstract, can be found on the ILC website at https://ilc-congress.eu/. A copy of presentation materials can be accessed by visiting the Events section under the Investors tab of the Arrowhead website.
About Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals develops medicines that treat intractable diseases by silencing the genes that cause them. Using a broad portfolio of RNA chemistries and efficient modes of delivery, Arrowhead therapies trigger the RNA interference mechanism to induce rapid, deep, and durable knockdown of target genes. RNA interference, or RNAi, is a mechanism present in living cells that inhibits the expression of a specific gene, thereby affecting the production of a specific protein. Arrowhead’s RNAi-based therapeutics leverage this natural pathway of gene silencing.
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SOURCE: Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals