First Patient Enrolled in Biogen’s Phase 3b Study to Evaluate Extended Interval Dosing (EID) with Natalizumab in Multiple Sclerosis
- Category: Antibodies
- Published on Thursday, 03 January 2019 15:26
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Study will provide the first randomized, controlled efficacy and safety data of every-six-week dosing for natalizumab
CAMBRIDGE, MA, USA I January 03, 2019 I The first patient has been enrolled in a global Phase 3b study evaluating the efficacy and safety of extended interval dosing (EID; every six weeks) for natalizumab compared to standard interval dosing (SID) in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), Biogen Inc. (Nasdaq: BIIB) announced. Currently commercialized under the brand name TYSABRI®, natalizumab 300 mg dosed every four weeks is the only approved dosing regimen.
The new study, NOVA (NCT03689972), is a two-year, prospective, randomized, interventional, controlled, open-label, rater-blinded, international Phase 3b study that will assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of six-week natalizumab dosing intervals in people with relapsing-remitting MS. Patients who switch to EID after one year of treatment with natalizumab SID will be evaluated in relation to patients receiving continued SID treatment. The study will enroll approximately 480 patients worldwide. The primary endpoint is the number of new or newly enlarging T2 hyperintense lesions at week 48.
“For more than a decade, natalizumab has been considered a highly effective treatment option for patients with relapsing forms of MS,” said Alfred Sandrock, Jr., M.D., Ph.D., executive vice president and chief medical officer at Biogen. “The NOVA study may generate valuable data that we hope will answer questions for the scientific community about the efficacy of natalizumab when its dosing schedule is extended to every six weeks, and in conjunction with prior safety analyses, may inform on the drug’s benefit-risk profile.”
NOVA was initiated following analyses that showed that EID was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a rare but serious brain infection. The pre-specified, retrospective analysis of the U.S. TOUCH (TYSABRI® Outreach: United Commitment to Health) REMS program examined the impact of EID as compared to SID on the risk of PML, and the NOVA study aims to assess the efficacy of EID natalizumab to further evaluate the drug’s benefit-risk profile.
About TYSABRI® (natalizumab)
TYSABRI is a disease modifying therapy (DMT) approved in more than 80 countries, including the U.S., the European Union, Canada, Australia and Switzerland. In the U.S., TYSABRI is indicated as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of MS. In the European Union, it is indicated as a single DMT in adults with highly active relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) for patients with highly active disease activity despite a full and adequate course of treatment with at least one DMT or patients with rapidly evolving severe RRMS. TYSABRI has been used to treat RRMS for more than 10 years, with nearly 191,000 people treated worldwide and over 650,000 patient-years of experience.1
TYSABRI increases the risk of PML, a rare opportunistic viral infection of the brain which has been associated with death or severe disability. Risk factors that increase the risk of PML are the presence of anti-JCV antibodies, prior immunosuppressant use and longer TYSABRI treatment duration. Patients who have all three risk factors have the highest risk of developing PML.
TYSABRI also increases the risk of developing encephalitis and meningitis caused by herpes simplex and varicella zoster viruses, and serious, life-threatening and sometimes fatal cases have been reported in the post-marketing setting in MS patients receiving TYSABRI. Other serious adverse events that have occurred in TYSABRI-treated patients include hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis) and infections, including opportunistic and other atypical infections. Clinically significant liver injury, including acute liver failure requiring transplant, has also been reported in the post-marketing setting.
Please see full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning, and Medication Guide as well as Important Safety Information for TYSABRI in the U.S., or visit your respective country’s product website.
At Biogen, our mission is clear: we are pioneers in neuroscience. Biogen discovers, develops and delivers worldwide innovative therapies for people living with serious neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. One of the world’s first global biotechnology companies, Biogen was founded in 1978 by Charles Weissmann, Heinz Schaller, Kenneth Murray and Nobel Prize winners Walter Gilbert and Phillip Sharp, and today has the leading portfolio of medicines to treat multiple sclerosis, has introduced the first and only approved treatment for spinal muscular atrophy and is focused on advancing neuroscience research programs in Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, multiple sclerosis and neuroimmunology, movement disorders, neuromuscular disorders, pain, ophthalmology, neuropsychiatry and acute neurology. Biogen also manufactures and commercializes biosimilars of advanced biologics.
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1 Global Natalizumab (TYSABRI) Postmarketing PML Update, August 2018.