Sophiris Bio Reports Top-Line Interim Safety and Biopsy Findings For its Phase 2b Clinical Trial of Topsalysin in Localized Prostate Cancer
- Category: Proteins and Peptides
- Published on Monday, 25 June 2018 21:31
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SAN DIEGO, CA, USA and VANCOUVER, Canada I June 25, 2018 I Sophiris Bio Inc. (NASDAQ: SPHS) (the "Company" or "Sophiris"), a biopharmaceutical company studying topsalysin (PRX302), a first-in-class, pore-forming protein, in late stage clinical trials for the treatment of patients with urological diseases, today announced top-line interim safety and biopsy data following a single administration of topsalysin from its ongoing open-label, Phase 2b clinical trial. A single administration of topsalysin continues to demonstrate an ability to ablate targeted prostate cancer cells with 10 of 35 patients (29%) demonstrating a clinical response of which 6 patients had a complete ablation with no detectable cancer on targeted biopsy of the treated area. Separately, Sophiris was recently notified that a patient death occurred on the same day as their second administration. The company is currently investigating the cause and as a precaution no additional patients will receive a second administration of topsalysin.
"We are extremely saddened by the death of a patient after receiving a second administration of topsalysin," said Randall E. Woods, president and CEO of Sophiris. "Understanding the cause of the patient's death is our first priority and essential to determining the potential for re-administration of topsalysin in future clinical trials."
To date, over 450 patients have received a single administration of topsalysin at various doses. The drug continues to appear to be well-tolerated in patients who received a single administration, with no new safety signals reported. In addition, biopsy data from the Phase 2b trial demonstrated that 29% (10/35) of patients sustained a clinical response at six-month follow-up – defined as no detectable tumor following targeted biopsy of the treated lesion or a reduction in the tumor to clinically insignificant.
"We are very encouraged by the safety and biopsy results from a single administration of topsalysin in the Phase 2b study. Biopsy results improved from what we saw in the Phase 2a proof of concept trial and safety and tolerability remains in-line with what we have seen historically," stated Mr. Woods. "We believe that the safety and biopsy data from the first administration of topsalysin supports moving forward into potential registration studies. We will continue to evaluate whether future clinical development will include an option to administer a second dose as we receive more information about the patient death and additional information from the 10 patients who received a second dose. We will be able to evaluate this towards the end of this year."
Top-Line Interim Safety Results from a Single Administration of Topsalysin:
The primary objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single, and if applicable, a second administration of topsalysin, when used to focally ablate a histologically-proven, clinically-significant lesion in patients with localized prostate cancer.
To date, a single administration of topsalysin continues to appear safe and well tolerated by patients. No hypersensitivity reactions or other serious systemic reactions to study medication were observed after a single administration. Adverse events considered related to topsalysin and occurring in more than one patient were: dysuria (n=3 patients), urinary retention (n=3 patients), nocturia (n=2 patients), micturition urgency (n=2 patients) and strangury (n=2 patients). All adverse events were considered mild and typically resolved within the same day. One event of micturition urgency was considered severe and resolved the same day and one event of urinary retention was considered moderate and the event was considered resolved after the patient underwent a transuretheral resection of the prostate.
In May 2018, an independent data monitoring committee (IDMC) met to review the safety data from all 38 patients administered a single dose of topsalysin as well the safety data available on the first seven patients who received a second administration of topsalysin. At that time, the IDMC unanimously recommended the clinical trial continue without changes to the protocol.
Top-Line Interim Biopsy Results From a Single Administration of Topsalysin:
A secondary objective of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of a single administration of topsalysin and, if applicable, a second administration of topsalysin to selectively target and focally ablate a pre-identified lesion.
In the Phase 2b clinical trial, 38 patients with pre-identified, clinically-significant low-to-intermediate risk localized prostate cancer received a single administration of topsalysin. Six months after administration, patients received a follow-up targeted biopsy of the treated lesion. At the time of this release, targeted follow-up biopsies have been undertaken and evaluated from 35 of 38 patients treated with a single dose of topsalysin. Two of the remaining patients are expected to receive follow-up biopsies in the coming weeks.
Based on the six-month follow-up biopsy results, 29% of patients (10/35) demonstrated a clinical response, defined in this study as no detectable tumor on targeted biopsy of the treated lesion or a sufficient reduction to deem the lesion clinically-insignificant (cancer lesion of Gleason Score 6 (3+3) and a Maximum Cancer Core Length (MCCL) of less than 6 millimeters). This compares favorably to 17% of patients (3/18) moving to clinically-insignificant disease in the previously completed Phase 2a localized prostate cancer study. Of the 10 clinical responders in the Phase 2b trial, six experienced a complete ablation with no histological evidence of the tumor remaining.
Additionally, the Phase 2b single administration follow-up biopsy data show that:
- 37% of patients (13/35) experienced a partial response, defined as a reduction in MCCL and/or Gleason pattern, but the targeted lesion was still deemed clinically-significant.
- 34% (12/35) of patients did not respond to treatment defined as no change in the targeted lesion or an increase in MCCL and/or Gleason pattern
"The initial biopsy results released today, following a single intraprostatic administration of topsalysin are highly encouraging and definitely improve upon the Proof of Concept study results with a greater proportion of patients experiencing successful treatment of their treated lesion," stated Dr. Hashim Ahmed, the study's chief investigator and chair of urology & consultant urological surgeon, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust & professor urology Imperial College. "Importantly, we have shown that the targeted intraprostatic injection of a single administration of topsalysin continues to appear safe and well tolerated. Furthermore, targeted focal therapy with topsalysin in this patient population is transferable to other clinicians with at least half of the clinical sites observing patients with no detectable lesion on re-biopsy of the targeted tumor and all eight sites observing patients in which lesions were at least partially ablated."
"Advances in the imaging of the prostate - by virtue of MRI - and the precise risk-stratification that this now permits has opened up new therapeutic opportunities for men with low-intermediate risk prostate cancer," stated Professor Mark Emberton, Dean University College London Faculty of Medical Sciences. "Men truly welcome the opportunity to undergo a targeted treatment of their prostate cancer (often in an ambulatory setting) without exposure to the commonly occurring side-effects of urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction and rectal symptoms that have tended to accompany the more traditional approaches of surgery and radiotherapy. Topsalysin is beginning to show the spectrum of attributes we would want to see in a prostate cancer treatment of the future."
Administration of a Second Topsalysin Dose:
The Phase 2b prostate cancer study represents the first trial designed to allow qualified patients to receive a second administration of topsalysin six months after initial treatment. To be eligible to receive a second administration, patients could not have experienced a clinically-significant adverse event attributable to either topsalysin or the dosing procedure. Additionally, patients must have demonstrated evidence of a response to treatment with topsalysin, either through a reduction in lesion size, Gleason pattern, or MCCL. The objective of re-administering topsalysin is to determine if additional clinical benefit is observed.
Eleven patients elected to receive a second dose of topsalysin. The patients will continue to be monitored per the trial's protocol and data are expected to be available in the fourth quarter of 2018.
About Localized Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men in the US with an estimated 161,000 new cases in 2017. Approximately 80 percent of patients in the US are diagnosed with localized disease. Research has shown that patients with early, localized disease have a low likelihood of the cancer spreading beyond the confines of the prostate; however, many men with clinically significant localized disease choose to undergo radical treatment. Radical therapies include surgery to remove the entire prostate and/or radiation. Potential toxicities from radical treatments can be significant and permanent and include erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and rectal toxicity.
Topsalysin (PRX302), an innovative, "First-in-Class" transmembrane pore-forming protein, was genetically modified to be activated only by enzymatically-active PSA, which is produced in large quantities within the prostate of men with prostate cancer. The targeted focal treatment of prostate cancer is in line with current treatment trends for solid tumors such as breast and liver, where the goal is to remove the tumor and preserve as much of the organ and organ function as possible.
Topsalysin has the potential to provide a targeted focal therapy for the ablation of localized prostate cancer lesions while potentially avoiding many of the complications and side effects associated with whole gland radical treatments. The increasing use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and advances in software to co-register previously obtained mpMRI images with real-time three-dimensional ultrasound images enables urologists to more accurately locate tumors within the prostate when taking biopsies. This increases the accuracy with which men with clinically significant lesions are identified. It also enables the injection of an ablative agent, such as topsalysin, directly into previously identified clinically significant tumors located within the prostate.
Sophiris Bio Inc. is a late-stage clinical biopharmaceutical company developing topsalysin (PRX302) for the treatment of patients with urological diseases. Topsalysin is in Phase 2 clinical development for the focal treatment of localized prostate cancer as well as Phase 3 clinical development for the treatment of the lower urinary tract symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Topsalysin is a highly potent ablative agent that is selective and targeted in that it is only activated by enzymatically active PSA which is found in high concentrations in the transition zone of the prostate and in and around prostate tumor cells. More than 400 patients have received treatment with topsalysin, which continues to appear to be safe and well tolerated. For more information, please visit www.sophirisbio.com.
SOURCE: Sophiris Bio