Inovio Pharmaceuticals SynCon® TERT Cancer Immunotherapy Combined with Checkpoint Inhibitor Synergistically Shrinks Tumor and Improves Survival in Preclinical Tumor Model
- Category: Vaccines
- Published on Monday, 27 November 2017 15:10
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PLYMOUTH MEETING, PA, USA I November 27, 2017 I Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: INO) demonstrated the synergistic effect of combining Inovio’s TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) cancer immunotherapy in combination with a checkpoint inhibitor in preclinical tumor model. The combination therapies resulted in robust anti-tumor effects and showed significant improvement in survival compared to either therapy alone. Preclinical TERT study results were detailed in a paper published in the most recent edition of Molecular Therapy entitled, “Synergy of Immune Checkpoint Blockade with a Novel Synthetic Consensus DNA Vaccine Targeting TERT,” by Inovio and its collaborators at the Wistar Institute.
Dr. J. Joseph Kim, President and CEO, said, “The synergistic anti-tumor effect observed in this published preclinical study provides Inovio with added confidence in the company’s recently initiated efficacy studies combining checkpoint inhibitors and INO-5401, Inovio’s cancer immunotherapy which includes three of Inovio’s top SynCon® cancer antigens – hTERT, WT1, and PSMA, which are over-expressed in multiple tumor types. MedImmune, Regeneron and Genentech have all turned to Inovio’s DNA-based immunotherapy products to evaluate increased response rates in combination with their checkpoint inhibitors. We look forward in sharing combination data from these efficacy trials when they become available.”
Inovio is currently evaluating its human TERT (hTERT) immunotherapy, INO-1400, as a mono-therapy, in nine different solid tumors including breast, lung and pancreatic cancers. A recent poster presentation at the SITC annual conference demonstrated that INO-1400 generated hTERT-specific T cell immune responses in patients. Furthermore, hTERT along with WT1 and PSMA antigens also comprise the new multi-antigen immunotherapy INO-5401, which is being evaluated in two separate phase 1/2 efficacy trials in combinations PD-L1 (with Genentech) and PD-1 (with Regeneron) checkpoint inhibitors in metastatic bladder cancer and in newly diagnosed Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), respectively.
INO-5401 is being tested in combination with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors to bring about better anti-tumor effects in metastatic bladder and GBM. Nearly 430,000 new cases of urinary bladder cancer are diagnosed each year worldwide; it accounts for about 165,000 deaths worldwide annually. Advanced unresectable or metastatic UC remains a high unmet medical need as survival remains poor for most patients. The approval of several checkpoint inhibitors for advanced unresectable or metastatic UC has improved response and survival rates for some patients, however, the majority (~80%) of patients do not experience meaningful clinical responses to checkpoint inhibitor monotherapy. GBM is the most aggressive brain cancer and its prognosis is extremely poor. The median overall survival for patients receiving standard of care therapy is approximately 15 months and the average five-year survival rate is less than three percent. Clinical responses to checkpoint inhibitors in GBM patients have been poor overall (ORR+ killer T cell responses measured in both tumor tissue and peripheral blood. One patient who initially displayed a slight increase in T cell immune responses developed progressive disease at 11 months into the study. The patient subsequently received nivolumab, a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor and sustained complete response after only four doses of nivolumab. This patient continues on therapy with no evidence of disease, 16 months after initiation of nivolumab. Medimmune is currently conducting a separate phase 1/2 efficacy trial combining its PD-L1 inhibitor (durvalumab) with MEDI0457 in 50 metastatic HPV-associated head and neck cancer patients to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the combination treatment. Head and neck cancer caused by HPV is the fastest growing cancer in men today, and the checkpoint inhibitor therapies alone have only been positive in limited percentage (ORRAbout Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Inovio is taking immunotherapy to the next level in the fight against cancer and infectious diseases. We are the only immunotherapy company that has reported generating T cells in vivo in high quantity that are fully functional and whose killing capacity correlates with relevant clinical outcomes with a favorable safety profile. With an expanding portfolio of immune therapies, the company is advancing a growing preclinical and clinical stage product pipeline. Partners and collaborators include MedImmune, Regeneron, Genentech, The Wistar Institute, University of Pennsylvania, DARPA, GeneOne Life Science, Plumbline Life Sciences, ApolloBio Corporation, Drexel University, NIH, HIV Vaccines Trial Network, National Cancer Institute, U.S. Military HIV Research Program, and Laval University. For more information, visit www.inovio.com.
SOURCE: Inovio Pharmaceuticals