Bristol-Myers Squibb Receives FDA Approval for Opdivo (nivolumab) in Previously Treated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma, a Type of Bladder Cancer

  • Approval based on CheckMate -275, in which Opdivo demonstrated an objective response rate of 19.6% (95% CI: 15.1-24.9; 53/270 patients) 1
  • Treatment with Opdivo resulted in responses across levels of PD-L1 expression (≥1% vs. <1%) 1
  • Opdivo has now been approved in six tumor types in just over two years 1
PRINCETON, NJ, USA I February 3, 2017 I Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (NYSE:BMY) today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Opdivo injection, for intravenous use for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.1 The recommended dose for mUC is 240 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every two weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In the CheckMate -275 trial, 19.6% (95% CI: 15.1-24.9; 53/270) of patients responded to treatment with Opdivo. The percentage of patients with a complete response was 2.6% (7/270) and the percentage of patients with a partial response was 17% (46/270). Among responders, the median duration of response was 10.3 months (range: 1.9+-12.0+ months). The median time to response was 1.9 months (range: 1.6-7.2).1

Opdivo is associated with the following Warnings and Precautions including immune-mediated: pneumonitis, colitis, hepatitis, endocrinopathies, nephritis and renal dysfunction, skin adverse reactions, encephalitis, other adverse reactions; infusion reactions; and embryo-fetal toxicity.1 Please see the Important Safety Information section below.

“Our goal to help more patients is further realized in today’s approval for Opdivo in this population and we are excited that our Immuno-Oncology therapy is now an option and potential hope for these patients,” said Chris Boerner, president of U.S. Commercial, Bristol-Myers Squibb. “This is evidence of our commitment to Immuno-Oncology and to bringing therapies, like Opdivo, to more and more patients in need of additional choices.”

The FDA granted the application priority review and previously granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Opdivo for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or mUC who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.1

“Most people don’t know how common bladder cancer is and that it is the fifth most diagnosed cancer. That’s why we are dedicated to raising awareness and supporting research efforts that may offer more treatment options to patients who need them,” said Stephanie Chisolm, director of Education and Research at Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network. “This approval is another exciting step forward for the bladder cancer community and provides needed hope to patients and their families.”

Approval Based on Notable Objective Response Rate

CheckMate -275 is a Phase 2, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study evaluating Opdivo in patients with locally advanced or mUC who have disease progression during or following treatment with a platinum-containing chemotherapy or have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.2 In this study, 270 patients received Opdivo 3 mg/kg administered intravenously every two weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The recommended dose is 240 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every two weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was confirmed objective response rate (ORR) as defined by an independent radiographic review committee (IRRC). The median age of patients participating in the study was 66 years (range: 38-90), and 29% of patients had received ≥2 prior systemic regimens in the metastatic setting prior to enrolling in the study. Patients were included in the trial regardless of their PD-L1 status.1

In the trial, efficacy was evaluated in 270 patients with 6 months follow-up by confirmed ORR as determined by an IRRC, Opdivo demonstrated an ORR of 19.6% (95% CI: 15.1-24.9).1 Additional efficacy breakdown by PD-L1 expression were as follows:

                     
Outcome, % (n)     All Patients
(n=270)
    PD-L1 <1%
(n=146)
    PD-L1 ≥1%
(n=124)
 
Confirmed ORR by IRRC
(95% CI)
    19.6% (53)
(15.1-24.9)
    15.1% (22)
(9.7-21.9)
    25.0% (31)
(17.7-33.6)
 
Complete Response Rate     2.6% (7)     0.7% (1)     4.8% (6)  
Partial Response Rate     17.0% (46)     14.4% (21)     20.2% (25)  
                     

“As an oncologist, a nearly twenty-percent response rate in advanced and metastatic bladder cancer is extremely encouraging and clinically meaningful in this patient population,” said Dr. Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

Selected Safety Profile

The safety of Opdivo has been studied in 270 patients in the CheckMate -275 study. Patients were treated with Opdivo for a median of 3.3 months (range: 0-13.4+). In this study, serious adverse events occurred in 54% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse events reported in at least 2% of patients were urinary tract infection, sepsis, diarrhea, small intestine obstruction, and general physical health deterioration. The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) were fatigue (46%), musculokeletal pain (30%), nausea (22%), and decreased appetite (22%). Opdivo was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 17% of patients, and 46% of patients had a dose delay for an adverse reaction. Treatment-related death occurred in four patients due to pneumonitis or cardiovascular failure.1

About Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer, which typically begins in the cells that line the inside of the bladder, is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, with an estimated 77,000 new diagnoses in 2016 and over 16,000 deaths.3 Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer, accounting for approximately 90% of diagnoses.4 The majority of bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, but rates of recurrence and progression are high and approximately 50-70% of patients will experience a recurrence within five years.4 The poor durability of responses in the first-line setting presents a major challenge in the treatment of metastatic disease and there are limited treatment options in the second-line setting for advanced urothelial carcinoma.5

INDICATIONS & IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

INDICATIONS

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) as a single agent is indicated for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600 mutation-positive unresectable or metastatic melanoma. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on progression-free survival. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) as a single agent is indicated for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600 wild-type unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab), in combination with YERVOY® (ipilimumab), is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on progression-free survival. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving OPDIVO.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who have received prior anti-angiogenic therapy.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) that has relapsed or progressed after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and post-transplantation brentuximab vedotin. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) with disease progression on or after platinum-based therapy.

OPDIVO® (nivolumab) is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Checkmate Trials and Patient Populations

Checkmate 067 - advanced melanoma alone or in combination with YERVOY; Checkmate 037 and 066 - advanced melanoma; Checkmate 017 - squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); Checkmate 057 - non-squamous NSCLC; Checkmate 025 - renal cell carcinoma; Checkmate 205/039 - classical Hodgkin lymphoma; Checkmate 141 – squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck; Checkmate 275 - urothelial carcinoma.

Please see U.S. Full Prescribing Information for OPDIVO and YERVOY, including Boxed WARNING regarding immune-mediated adverse reactions for YERVOY.

About the Opdivo Clinical Development Program

Bristol-Myers Squibb’s global development program founded on scientific expertise in the field of Immuno-Oncology includes a broad range of clinical trials studying Opdivo, across all phases, including Phase 3, in a variety of tumor types. To date, the Opdivo clinical development program has enrolled more than 25,000 patients.

About Bristol-Myers Squibb’s Patient Support Programs

Bristol-Myers Squibb remains committed to helping patients through treatment with our medicines. For support and assistance, patients and physicians may call 1-855-OPDIVO-1.

About Bristol-Myers Squibb’s Access Support

Bristol-Myers Squibb is committed to helping patients access Opdivo and offers BMS Access Support® to support patients and providers in gaining access. BMS Access Support, the Bristol-Myers Squibb Reimbursement Services program, is designed to support access to BMS medicines and expedite time to therapy through reimbursement support including Benefit Investigations, Prior Authorization Facilitation, Appeals Assistance, and assistance for patient out-of-pocket costs. BMS Access Support assists patients and providers throughout the treatment journey – whether it is at initial diagnosis or in support of transition from a clinical trial. More information about our reimbursement support services can be obtained by calling 1-800-861-0048 or by visiting www.bmsaccesssupport.com. For healthcare providers seeking specific reimbursement information, please visit the BMS Access Support Product section by visiting www.bmsaccesssupportopdivo.com.

About the Bristol-Myers Squibb and Ono Pharmaceutical Collaboration

In 2011, through a collaboration agreement with Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Bristol-Myers Squibb expanded its territorial rights to develop and commercialize Opdivo globally except in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, where Ono had retained all rights to the compound at the time. On July 2014, Ono and Bristol-Myers Squibb further expanded the companies’ strategic collaboration agreement to jointly develop and commercialize multiple immunotherapies – as single agents and combination regimens – for patients with cancer in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.

About Bristol-Myers Squibb

Bristol-Myers Squibb is a global biopharmaceutical company whose mission is to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. For more information about Bristol-Myers Squibb, visit us at BMS.com or follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube and Facebook.

SOURCE: Bristol-Myers Squibb

La Merie Biologics

FREE Weekly News Bulletin

Sign Up

2021 Sales ofAntibodies & Proteins

New Product Alert

For La Merie Publishing

Sign Up

Top