Mirati Therapeutics Provides Update On Glesatinib And Sitravatinib Clinical Trials And Pipeline Programs
- Category: Small Molecules
- Published on Friday, 06 January 2017 09:17
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SAN DIEGO, CA, USA I January 5, 2017 I Mirati Therapeutics, Inc. (Mirati or the Company) (MRTX) today announced data from two ongoing clinical programs, including the Phase 1b and Phase 2 trials of glesatinib, a spectrum selective kinase inhibitor for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with genetic alterations of MET, and the Phase 1b trial of sitravatinib, a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of genetically-selected NSCLC and other solid tumors.
"The transition to the new spray dried dispersion (SDD) formulation of glesatinib has succeeded in improving tolerability, resulting in significantly fewer formulation-specific side effects in patients with NSCLC. Early results with the SDD formulation have demonstrated promising activity in NSCLC patients with MET mutations," said Charles M. Baum, M.D., Ph.D., President and CEO of Mirati.
"We are similarly encouraged by data from our Phase 1b trial of sitravatinib, which indicate its potency in RET inhibition. Early results from the trial show clear evidence of tumor responses in NSCLC patients exhibiting RET fusion mutations."
Glesatinib Program Update
The SDD formulation of glesatinib was introduced into the Phase 1b trial and Phase 2 AMETHYST trial in May of 2016. This formulation has thus far demonstrated improved tolerability versus the prior miglyol soft gel formulation.
Patients from both Phase 1b and Phase 2 trials were assessed as of December 2, 2016 to evaluate the impact of the new SDD formulation (n=41) as compared to the prior soft gel formulation (n=50). Adverse event-related (AE-related) dose reductions occurred in 17% (7/41) of patients treated with the new SDD formulation, versus 46% (23/50) of patients treated with the prior soft gel formulation. In patients who were transitioned to the SDD formulation during their therapy (n=12), AE-related dose reductions took place in 8% (1/12) of patients versus 33% (4/12) of patients treated with the soft gel formulation.
In an initial evaluation of 24 genetically-selected patients treated with the SDD formulation of glesatinib:
- 11 patients were in the Phase 2 MET Exon 14 deletion mutation cohort, of whom eight were evaluable.
- Eight patients were in the Phase 2 MET amplification cohort, all of whom were evaluable.
- Five patients were in the Phase 1b trial with MET Exon 14 deletion mutations, who had clinical characteristics and genetic driver alterations identical to the entry criteria in the ongoing Phase 2 trial, all of whom were evaluable.
In MET Exon 14 deletion patients treated with the SDD formulation across both the Phase 1b and Phase 2 trials, glesatinib demonstrated promising activity:
- In the Phase 2 trial, one confirmed partial response (PR) and two unconfirmed PRs out of the eight evaluable patients were observed. One unconfirmed PR remains on study awaiting a confirmatory scan. Tumor reduction was observed in six of eight evaluable patients.
- In the Phase 1b trial, three confirmed PRs out of five evaluable patients were observed. Tumor reduction was observed in all five patients.
- Overall, data in these 13 patients reflect an objective response rate (ORR) of 46% across the Phase 1b and Phase 2 patient populations, including confirmed and unconfirmed responses. Tumor reduction was observed in 11 of 13 patients.
- The longest duration on study is more than 55 weeks and the patient remains on study.
In MET amplification patients treated with the SDD formulation, glesatinib also demonstrated clinical benefit:
- In the Phase 2 trial, two unconfirmed PRs out of eight evaluable patients were observed. Neither of the unconfirmed responses remains on study. Tumor reduction was observed in six of eight evaluable patients.
- The longest duration on study is more than 24 weeks and the patient remains on study.
The Company expects to provide an additional update on the glesatinib program in the second half of 2017.
Sitravatinib Program Update
Sitravatinib is being evaluated in a Phase 1b expansion trial designed to evaluate its safety and efficacy in multiple pre-specified cohorts of cancer patients with genetic mutations involving sitravatinib targets, including a cohort of NSCLC patients with RET fusion mutations.
As of a data cut-off of December 9, 2016, a total of six NSCLC patients with RET fusion mutations had been enrolled, four of whom were evaluable:
- Of the four evaluable patients, one patient with a KIF5-B RET fusion demonstrated a confirmed PR and one patient with a DSP RET fusion has achieved an unconfirmed PR on initial scan, representing a 50% ORR, including confirmed and unconfirmed responses. Both patients remain on study. A third patient with RET fusion demonstrated tumor reduction of 29%, representing stable disease. Tumor reduction was observed in in all four patients.
- The longest duration on study is more than 46 weeks and the patient remains on study.
The Phase 1b trial is also enrolling NSCLC patients with CBL mutations, CHR4q12 amplification, and AXL alterations. As of the data cut-off date, no patients with these genetic mutations were evaluable.
Sitravatinib is also being evaluated in combination with nivolumab, a checkpoint inhibitor approved for the treatment of patients with a variety of solid tumors including NSCLC and metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Pre-clinical data indicate sitravatinib is an exceptionally potent inhibitor of the TAM (Tyro, Axl, Mer) and split (KDR, KIT) family tyrosine kinases which regulate multiple stages in the cancer immunity cycle and are thought to enhance anti-tumor immunity by improving the efficacy of checkpoint inhibitors (anti PD-1/PDL-1). The multicenter Phase 2 NSCLC trial enrolled its first patient in November 2016.
The Company expects to provide an additional update on the sitravatinib program in Q3 2017.
Mocetinostat Program Update
A Phase 1b/2 trial combining mocetinostat, an orally administered spectrum-selective Class 1 HDAC inhibitor, and durvalumab, MedImmune's monoclonal antibody inhibiting PD-L1, continues to enroll patients with advanced solid tumors and NSCLC. The Company expects to provide an additional update on the mocetinostat program mid-year 2017.
Pre-Clinical Program Update
Two internally developed candidates are in pre-clinical development. The first is a highly-potent and potentially best-in-class LSD1 inhibitor with potential for rapid clinical proof-of-concept in small cell lung cancer or acute myeloid leukemia. An investigational new drug (IND) submission is planned for this compound in late 2017. Additionally, a mutant-selective KRAS inhibitor program is advancing to the candidate selection phase and prototype inhibitors have demonstrated marked tumor regression in KRAS mutant tumor models. An IND candidate selection is anticipated by the end of 2017.
About the glesatinib Phase 2 Trial ("AMETHYST")
AMETHYST is a multicenter, global Phase 2 trial designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of glesatinib in NSCLC patients with MET genetic alterations who were previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and/or a checkpoint inhibitor. AMETHYST pre-specified patient cohorts include NSCLC with MET Exon 14 deletion and MET amplification. Enrollment rates in the AMETHYST trial have been supported by the Company's partnerships with molecular diagnostics companies providing commercially-available genetic testing, which have accelerated patient identification and enrollment.
About Mirati Therapeutics
Mirati Therapeutics, Inc. is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing a pipeline of targeted oncology products intended to treat specific genetic and epigenetic drivers of cancer in selected subsets of cancer patients with unmet needs. Our clinical pipeline consists of three product candidates: glesatinib, sitravatinib and mocetinostat. Both glesatinib and sitravatinib are orally bioavailable, spectrum-selective kinase inhibitors with distinct target profiles that are in development for the treatment of patients with NSCLC and other solid tumors. Glesatinib targets the MET receptor tyrosine kinase family and is in Phase 2 clinical development. Sitravatinib is in Phase 1b clinical development and targets genetic alterations in RET rearrangements, CHR4q12 amplifications, CBL and AXL mutations. Our third product candidate is mocetinostat, an orally bioavailable, Class 1 selective histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDAC). Mocetinostat is in Phase 1b/2 clinical development in combination with durvalumab, MedImmune's anti-PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor, for the treatment of patients with NSCLC. More information is available at www.Mirati.com.
SOURCE: Mirati Therapeutics