Diabetes Prevalence

Diabetes is a serious condition for the individual and society. Its rapidly increasing global prevalence is a significant cause for concern.

In 2007, it is estimated that there are 246 million people with diabetes in the adult population in the seven regions of IDF. In 2003, the total was 194 million.

Type 2 diabetes constitutes about 85% to 95% of all diabetes cases in developed countries and accounts for an even higher percentage in developing countries. The epidemic nature of diabetes continues to affect ever-increasing numbers of people around the world while public awareness remains low.

In 2007, it is estimated that 7.3% of adults aged 20-79 in all IDF member countries have diabetes. The Western Pacific Region and the European Region have the highest number of people with diabetes, approximately 67 and 53 million respectively. The highest rate of diabetes prevalence is to be found in the North American region (9.2%) followed by the European Region (8.4%).

Visit www.eatlas.idf.org for more information and data about the global diabetes epidemic.

Diabetes: a forecast

The number of people with diabetes is expected to increase alarmingly in the coming decades. In 1985, an estimated 30 million people worldwide had diabetes; in 2000, a little over a decade later, the figure had risen to over 150 million. By 2025, the figure is expected to rise to 380 million.

The prevalence of diabetes is higher in developed countries than in developing countries, but the latter will be hit the hardest by the escalating diabetes epidemic. Increased urbanization, westernization and economic development in developing countries have already contributed to a substantial rise in diabetes.

The prevalence of diabetes in adults is projected to rise in both developed and developing countries. While diabetes is most common among the elderly in many populations, prevalence rates are significantly rising among comparatively young and productive populations in the developing world.
Causes of the rise

The alarming increase of diabetes prevalence is projected to occur because of:

* Population ageing
* Unhealthy diet
* Overweight and obesity
* A sedentary lifestyle

All over the world, traditional lifestyles and dietary patterns that have sustained people over generations are disappearing. Socio-economic realities mean that families are often forced to move away from rural areas and into urban areas to seek employment. Diabetes is primarily concentrated in urban areas and this characteristic is destined to increase in the future as a result of rapid industrialization in many countries.

SOURCE: International Diabetes Federation

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