57% of patients treated with IMFINZI were alive at three years in ADRIATIC Phase III trial

WILMINGTON, DE, USA I June 02, 2024 I Positive results from the ADRIATIC Phase III trial showed AstraZeneca’s IMFINZI®(durvalumab) demonstrated statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in the dual primary endpoints of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared to placebo for patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) who had not progressed following standard-of-care concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT).

These results will be presented today during the Plenary Session at the 2024 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting (abstract #LBA5).

Results from the planned interim analysis showed IMFINZIreduced the risk of death by 27% versus placebo (based on an OS hazard ratio [HR] of 0.73; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-0.93; p=0.0104). Estimated median OS was 55.9 months for IMFINZIversus 33.4 months for placebo. An estimated 57% of patients treated with IMFINZIwere alive at three years compared to 48% on placebo. IMFINZI also reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 24% (based on a PFS HR of 0.76; 95% CI 0.61-0.95; p=0.0161) versus placebo. Median PFS was 16.6 months for IMFINZI versus 9.2 months for placebo. An estimated 46% of patients treated with IMFINZI had not experienced disease progression at two years compared to 34% on placebo.

The OS and PFS benefits observed were generally consistent across key prespecified patient subgroups including age, sex, race, disease stage1 at diagnosis, prior radiation and whether patients received prophylactic cranial irradiation.

David R. Spigel, MD, Chief Scientific Officer at Sarah Cannon Research Institute and investigator in the trial, said: “The ADRIATIC results represent a breakthrough in limited-stage small cell lung cancer, a highly aggressive disease where recurrence rates are high and only 15 to 30 per cent of patients survive five years. Durvalumab is the first systemic treatment to show improved survival for these patients in decades and should become a new standard of care in this setting.”

Susan Galbraith, Executive Vice President, Oncology R&D, AstraZeneca, said: “The strong improvement in overall survival seen with IMFINZI after concurrent chemoradiotherapy is transformative in the treatment of limited-stage small cell lung cancer. These tremendous results underscore our ambition to drive up survival rates in this earlier-stage lung cancer setting, and we look forward to working with regulatory authorities to bring IMFINZI to these patients as quickly as possible.”

Summary of results: ADRIATIC

IMFINZI ​(n=264)Placebo ​(n=266)
Median OS, in months (95% CI)55.9 (37.3-NEi)33.4 (25.5-39.9)
Hazard ratio (95% CI)0.73 (0.57-0.93)
OS rate at 24 months (%)68.0  58.5  
OS rate at 36 months (%)56.5  47.6  
Median PFS, in months (95% CI)16.6 (10.2-28.2)9.2 (7.4-12.9)
Hazard ratio (95% CI)0.76 (0.61-0.95)
PFS rate at 18 months (%)48.8  36.1  
PFS rate at 24 months (%)46.2  34.2  
​i Not estimable

The safety profile for IMFINZI was generally manageable and consistent with the known profile of this medicine. No new safety signals were observed. Grade 3 and 4 adverse events due to any cause occurred in 24.4% of patients treated with IMFINZIand 24.2% of patients treated on placebo.


IMFINZI is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable Stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease has not progressed following concurrent platinum-based chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

IMFINZI, in combination with IMJUDO and platinum-based chemotherapy, is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic NSCLC with no sensitizing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) genomic tumor aberrations.

IMFINZI, in combination with etoposide and either carboplatin or cisplatin, is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC).

IMFINZI, in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin, is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic biliary tract cancer (BTC).

IMFINZI in combination with IMJUDO is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC).

Please see Full Prescribing Information including Medication Guide for IMFINZI and IMJUDO.

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Small cell lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among men and women and accounts for about one-fifth of all cancer deaths.2 Lung cancer is broadly split into non-small cell lung cancer and SCLC, with about 15% of cases classified as SCLC, a highly aggressive form of the disease.3-4

LS-SCLC (Stage I-III), which accounts for approximately 30% of SCLC diagnoses, is classified as SCLC that is generally only in one lung or one side of the chest.5-6 LS-SCLC typically recurs and progresses rapidly despite initial response to standard-of-care chemotherapy and radiotherapy.4,7 The prognosis for LS-SCLC is particularly poor, as only 15-30% of patients will be alive five years after diagnosis.8


The ADRIATIC trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center global Phase III trial evaluating IMFINZI monotherapy and IMFINZI plus IMJUDO versus placebo in the treatment of 730 patients with LS-SCLC who had not progressed following cCRT. In the experimental arms, patients were randomized to receive a 1500 mg fixed dose of IMFINZI with or without IMJUDO 75 mg every four weeks for up to four doses/cycles each, followed by IMFINZI every four weeks for up to 24 months.

The dual primary endpoints were PFS and OS for IMFINZI monotherapy versus placebo. Key secondary endpoints included OS and PFS for IMFINZI plus IMJUDO versus placebo, safety and quality of life measures. The trial included 164 centers in 19 countries across North and South America, Europe and Asia.

IMFINZI® (durvalumab)

IMFINZI® (durvalumab) is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to the PD-L1 protein and blocks the interaction of PD-L1 with the PD-1 and CD80 proteins, countering the tumor’s immune-evading tactics and releasing the inhibition of immune responses.

IMFINZI is currently approved in a number of countries across multiple types of lung cancer. IMFINZI is the only approved immunotherapy and the global standard of care in the curative-intent setting of unresectable, Stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients whose disease has not progressed after chemoradiation therapy. IMFINZI is also approved for the treatment of extensive-stage SCLC and in combination with a short course of IMJUDO and chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic NSCLC.

In addition to its indications in lung cancers, IMFINZIis approved in a number of countries in combination with chemotherapy (gemcitabine plus cisplatin) in locally advanced or metastatic biliary tract cancer and in combination with IMJUDOin unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). IMFINZI is also approved as a monotherapy in unresectable HCC in Japan and the EU and in previously treated patients with advanced bladder cancer in a small number of countries.

Since the first approval in May 2017, more than 220,000 patients have been treated with IMFINZI. As part of a broad development program, IMFINZI is being tested as a single treatment and in combinations with other anti-cancer treatments for patients with SCLC, NSCLC, bladder cancer, breast cancer, several gastrointestinal cancers and other solid tumors.

AstraZeneca in lung cancer

AstraZeneca is working to bring patients with lung cancer closer to cure through the detection and treatment of early-stage disease, while also pushing the boundaries of science to improve outcomes in the resistant and advanced settings. By defining new therapeutic targets and investigating innovative approaches, the Company aims to match medicines to the patients who can benefit most.

The Company’s comprehensive portfolio includes leading lung cancer medicines and the next wave of innovations, including osimertinib and gefitinib; IMFINZIand IMJUDO; fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki and datopotamab deruxtecan in collaboration with Daiichi Sankyo; savolitinib in collaboration with HUTCHMED; as well as a pipeline of potential new medicines and combinations across diverse mechanisms of action.

AstraZeneca is a founding member of the Lung Ambition Alliance, a global coalition working to accelerate innovation and deliver meaningful improvements for people with lung cancer, including and beyond treatment.

AstraZeneca in immuno-oncology (IO)

AstraZeneca is a pioneer in introducing the concept of immunotherapy into dedicated clinical areas of high unmet medical need. The Company has a comprehensive and diverse IO portfolio and pipeline anchored in immunotherapies designed to overcome evasion of the anti-tumor immune response and stimulate the body’s immune system to attack tumors.

AstraZeneca strives to redefine cancer care and help transform outcomes for patients with IMFINZIas a monotherapy and in combination with IMJUDO as well as other novel immunotherapies and modalities. The Company is also investigating next-generation immunotherapies like bispecific antibodies and therapeutics that harness different aspects of immunity to target cancer, including cell therapy and T cell engagers.

AstraZeneca is pursuing an innovative clinical strategy to bring IO-based therapies that deliver long-term survival to new settings across a wide range of cancer types. The Company is focused on exploring novel combination approaches to help prevent treatment resistance and drive longer immune responses. With an extensive clinical program, the Company also champions the use of IO treatment in earlier disease stages, where there is the greatest potential for cure.

AstraZeneca in oncology

AstraZeneca is leading a revolution in oncology with the ambition to provide cures for cancer in every form, following the science to understand cancer and all its complexities to discover, develop and deliver life-changing medicines to patients.

The Company’s focus is on some of the most challenging cancers. It is through persistent innovation that AstraZeneca has built one of the most diverse portfolios and pipelines in the industry, with the potential to catalyze changes in the practice of medicine and transform the patient experience.

AstraZeneca has the vision to redefine cancer care and, one day, eliminate cancer as a cause of death.


AstraZeneca is a global, science-led biopharmaceutical company that focuses on the discovery, development, and commercialization of prescription medicines in Oncology, Rare Diseases, and BioPharmaceuticals, including Cardiovascular, Renal & Metabolism, and Respiratory & Immunology. Based in Cambridge, UK, AstraZeneca operates in over 100 countries and its innovative medicines are used by millions of patients worldwide. Please visit www.astrazeneca-us.com and follow us on social media @AstraZeneca.


  1. American Joint Committee on Cancer disease stage.
  2. World Health Organization. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lung Fact Sheet. Available at: https://gco.iarc.who.int/media/globocan/factsheets/cancers/15-trachea-bronchus-and-lung-fact-sheet.pdf. Accessed May 2024.
  3. LUNGevity Foundation. Types of Lung Cancer. Available at: https://lungevity.org/for-patients-caregivers/lung-cancer-101/types-of-lung-cancer. Accessed May 2024.
  4. National Cancer Institute. NCI Dictionary – Small Cell Lung Cancer. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/small-cell-lung-cancer. Accessed May 2024.
  5. American Cancer Society. Treatment Choices by Stage for Small Cell Lung Cancer. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-small-cell/by-stage.html. Accessed May 2024.
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  7. Qin A, et al. Treatment Options for Relapsed Small-Cell Lung Cancer: What Progress Have We Made? J Oncol Pract. 2018;14(6):369-370.
  8. Bebb DG, et al. Symptoms and Experiences with Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Mixed Methods Study of Patients and Caregivers. Pulm Ther. 2023;9:435-450.

SOURCE: AstraZeneca