Findings From Study to be Presented at the 38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer
SAN DIEGO, CA, USA I October 31, 2023 I Be Biopharma, Inc. (“Be Bio”), a company pioneering the discovery and development of Engineered B Cell Medicines (BCMs), will present preclinical data demonstrating that a BCM-derived biologic can deliver steady-state plasma concentrations of a bispecific T cell engager at clinically relevant doses for treatment of relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Findings from the study, conducted jointly with researchers at Seattle Children’s Research Institute, will be presented during the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer’s 38th Annual Meeting.
“These findings underscore the clinical potential of BCMs as an emerging platform for sustained delivery of antitumor biologics. Our platform enables production of a diverse set of therapeutic proteins, including those difficult to manufacture using traditional systems, and offers a promising approach for a new class of medicines with broad therapeutic utility,” said Dr. Rick Morgan, Chief Scientific Officer, Be Bio.
“Bispecific T cell engagers are highly effective in treating relapsed/refractory ALL; however, their short half-life requires continuous intravenous administration at high doses for four-week increments. This study demonstrates that engineered plasma cells can deliver a constant infusion of bispecific T cell engagers at a steady-state, clinically relevant plasma concentration, offering a potential therapeutic advance to decrease the burden of therapy for patients,” said Dr. Richard James, principal investigator at Seattle Children’s Research Institute.
The poster presentation details are as follows:
|Saturday, November 4, 2023, 12:10 pm PDT
|Session 205a: Rapid Oral Abstract-Basic Science
|“Development of ex vivo precision gene engineered B cell medicines that produce highly active and sustained levels of transgenic anti-tumor biologics”
|Rick Morgan, Ph.D., and Richard G. James, Ph.D.
|Sean Arlauckas, Ph.D., Director, Oncology Research, Be Bio
Bispecific T cell engagers, consisting of an anti-CD3 single-chain fragment variable (scFv) fused to an anti-tumor antigen scFv, are highly effective in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, the short half-life of bispecific T cell engagers necessitates continuous intravenous administration at high doses for four weeks at a time. Given their ability to produce proteins at steady state, BCMs are particularly well-suited to overcome these pharmacokinetic shortcomings. To generate BCMs, B cells are engineered ex vivo to constitutively secrete transgenic biologics and then differentiated into plasma cells. These cells were chosen for their high antibody production capacity (thousands of Ig molecules/cell/sec) and ability to engraft without preconditioning, making them a highly attractive cell-based platform for continuous biologic delivery1.
About the Study
To demonstrate proof-of-concept, a transgene coding for a bispecific anti-CD3:CD19 scFv was integrated into a safe-harbor locus of primary human B cells via targeted gene knock in. The engineered B cells were then differentiated into plasma cells ex vivo. Assessment of in vivo anti-tumor activity of these BCMs was conducted in NSG mice harboring a patient-derived CD19-expressing xenograft (PDx). Mice were inoculated with a luciferized B-ALL PDx line and autologous T cells were delivered after tumor transfer. Significant reduction in tumor burden (bioluminescent flux, area under the curve) was observed over the course of the 17-day study in the anti-CD3:CD19 scFv cohort compared to controls, which was in concordance with heightened in vivo T cell activation. The ~1000 pg/mL bispecific T cell engagers detected in mouse plasma demonstrated that a BCM-derived biologic can meet or even exceed the steady-state plasma concentrations achieved with clinically relevant blinatumomab doses2.
Deidentified human PBMCs were acquired under informed consent from the Fred Hutch Specimen Processing and Research Cell Bank (protocol #3942).
No toxicities were identified in this study.
About Engineered B Cell Medicines – A New Class of Cellular Medicines
Imagine what could “Be?” In nature, a single B cell engrafts in the bone marrow and can produce thousands of proteins per second at constant levels over decades. B cells are nature’s exquisite medicine factories, manufacturing proteins to fight disease and maintain health. Unleashing the power of B cells is driving a new class of cellular medicines – Engineered B Cell Medicines (BCMs). BCMs have the potential to be durable, allogeneic, redosable and administered without toxic conditioning. The promise of BCMs could transform therapeutic biologics with broad application — across protein classes, patient populations and therapeutic areas.
About Be Biopharma
Be Biopharma (“Be Bio”) is pioneering Engineered B Cell Medicines (BCMs) to dramatically improve the lives of patients who are living with cancer, rare diseases and other serious conditions. With eyes locked on the patient, our team of purpose-driven scientists, technologists, manufacturing experts and business builders collaborate to create a bold new class of cell therapies. Be Bio was founded in October 2020 by Longwood Fund and B cell engineering pioneers David Rawlings, M.D., and Richard James, Ph.D., from Seattle Children’s Research Institute. Be Bio is backed by ARCH Venture Partners, Atlas Venture, RA Capital Management, Alta Partners, Longwood Fund, Bristol Myers Squibb, Takeda Ventures, Seattle Children’s Research Institute and others. Since our founding, Be Bio’s investors have committed over $180 million to enable the Company to re-imagine medicine based on the power of B cell therapy. For more information, please visit us at Be.Bio and our LinkedIn page.
- Hung KL, Meitlis I, Hale M, Chen C, Singh S, Jackson SW, Miao CH, Khan IF, Rawlings DJ, James RG. Engineering Protein-Secreting Plasma Cells by Homology-Directed Repair in Primary Human B Cells. Mol. Ther. 2018; 26:456-467.
- Franquiz MJ and Short NJ. Blinatumomab for the Treatment of Adult B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Toward a New Era of Targeted Immunotherapy. Biologics. 2020; 14: 23–34.
SOURCE: Be Biopharma