BeiGene Presents Preliminary Phase 1 Data on Tislelizumab in Patients with Urothelial Carcinoma at 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
- Category: Antibodies
- Published on Saturday, 10 February 2018 09:14
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CAMBRIDGE, MA, USA and BEIJING, China I February 09, 2018 I BeiGene, Ltd. (NASDAQ:BGNE), a commercial-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative molecularly targeted and immuno-oncology drugs for the treatment of cancer, presented preliminary clinical data from patients with urothelial carcinoma (UC) enrolled in an ongoing Phase 1 clinical trial of tislelizumab, an investigational anti-PD-1 antibody, at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco. The preliminary Phase 1 data suggest that tislelizumab was generally well tolerated and exhibited objective responses in patients with UC.
“Tislelizumab administration resulted in objective responses, including a complete response, and a disease-control rate of 53 percent. Tislelizumab was generally well-tolerated in patients with urothelial carcinoma," said Shahneen Sandhu, M.D., medical oncologist at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Center in Melbourne, Australia and lead author. “We are highly encouraged by these results and that further study of tislelizumab may lead to a new treatment for patients with urothelial cancer.”
“Tislelizumab is currently being evaluated in five pivotal trials globally and in China, including a pivotal trial in patients with previously treated, PD-L1-positive, locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma in China. This is the first presentation of tislelizumab data in the population with urothelial cancer, an area of unmet need. We are pleased by these preliminary results, which we believe provide an important foundation for our clinical understanding of tislelizumab’s efficacy and safety in specific patient populations both as a single agent and in combination,” commented Amy Peterson, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Immuno-Oncology, at BeiGene.
Summary of Results from the Ongoing Phase 1 Trial
The multi-center, open-label Phase 1 trial (NCT02407990) of tislelizumab as monotherapy in advanced solid tumors is being conducted in Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Taiwan, and South Korea and consists of dose escalation, schedule expansion, fixed dose expansion, and indication expansion in disease-specific cohorts.
Data presented at the Genitourinary Cancers Symposium included 16 patients with urothelial carcinoma. Of these, 12 had one or more prior systemic anticancer treatment for metastatic disease and the remaining four had progressed after receiving platinum-based regimen in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting. In addition, five patients had prior radiotherapy. At the time of the data cutoff on August 28, 2017, median treatment duration was 4.3 months (range of 0.7 to 18.3 months). A total of six patients remained on treatment.
Adverse events (AEs) assessed by the investigator to be related to treatment occurred in 14 patients (88%). Of those, fatigue (31%), rash (19%), infusion related reactions (13%), nausea (13%), pain in extremity (13%), and proteinuria (13%) occurred in more than one patient. All of the treatment-related AEs were grade 1 or 2 except one case each of fatigue, hyperglycemia, and diabetes mellitus. One adverse event of muscle weakness, which was associated with disease progression and occurred more than one month after the last dose of the study drug, had a fatal outcome; this event was considered not related to treatment.
At the time of the data cutoff, 15 patients were evaluable, defined as having a measurable baseline tumor assessment and at least one evaluable post-baseline tumor response assessment, or had progressed or died prior to the initial tumor assessment. One patient had a confirmed complete response (CR), four achieved a confirmed partial response (PR), and three achieved stable disease (SD). Nine evaluable patients had PD-L1 status determined. There was one CR, two PR and one SD among six PD-L1 high patients, and one PR among three PD-L1 low or negative patients.
About Urothelial Carcinoma
Cancer that begins in cells that line the urethra, bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and some other organs are referred to as urothelial carcinoma.i Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer and the fifth most common cancer in the United States.ii In 2017, it was estimated that there were 79,030 new cases of bladder cancer and 16,870 deaths.iii
Tislelizumab is an investigational humanized monoclonal antibody that belongs to a class of immuno-oncology agents known as immune checkpoint inhibitors. It is designed to bind to PD-1, a cell surface receptor that plays an important role in downregulating the immune system by preventing the activation of T-cells. Tislelizumab has demonstrated high affinity and specificity for PD-1. It is potentially differentiated from the currently approved PD-1 antibodies in an engineered Fc region, which is believed to minimize potentially negative interactions with other immune cells, based on preclinical data. Tislelizumab is being developed as a monotherapy and in combination with other therapies for the treatment of a broad array of both solid tumor and hematologic cancers. BeiGene and Celgene Corporation have a global strategic collaboration for the development of tislelizumab in solid tumor cancers outside of Asia (except Japan).
BeiGene is a global, commercial-stage, research-based biotechnology company focused on molecularly targeted and immuno-oncology cancer therapeutics. With a team of over 850 employees in China, the United States, and Australia, BeiGene is advancing a pipeline consisting of novel oral small molecules and monoclonal antibodies for cancer. BeiGene is also working to create combination solutions aimed to have both a meaningful and lasting impact on cancer patients. BeiGene markets ABRAXANE® (nanoparticle albumin–bound paclitaxel), REVLIMID® (lenalidomide), and VIDAZA® (azacitidine) in China under a license from Celgene Corporation.iv