Kite Pharma Highlights Publication from the National Cancer Institute Demonstrating Durable Complete Remissions in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Following Low Dose Conditioning Chemotherapy and Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy
- Category: DNA RNA and Cells
- Published on Wednesday, 15 March 2017 09:42
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- 50 Percent of Patients in Ongoing Complete Remission with Duration Ranging from 7+ to 24+ months
- Study Demonstrates that IL-15 Blood Levels and CAR T-Cell Expansion Correlate to an Improved Clinical Outcome
- Conducted Under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and Kite Pharma
In this study, 22 patients with relapsed/refractory NHL received a single dose of anti-CD19 CAR T-cell therapy after a low-dose chemotherapy conditioning regimen consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. Objective responses (OR) were seen in 73 percent of patients, and complete remissions (CR) were observed in 55 percent of patients. Among patients with aggressive B-cell NHL (diffuse large B cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, or transformed follicular lymphoma), OR and CR were 68 percent and 47 percent, respectively. Duration of responses ranged from 7+ months to 24+ months, and 11 of the 12 CRs were ongoing. Reversible grade 3 or 4 neurotoxicity including confusion, dysphasia, encephalopathy, and gait disturbances was observed in 55 percent of treated patients.
"We are encouraged by the durable complete remissions and key translational insights observed in this study conducted by Dr. Steven A. Rosenberg and Dr. Kochenderfer and their team at the NCI,” said Jeff Wiezorek, M.D., Senior Vice President of Clinical Development of Kite. “This finding from the NCI and our ongoing clinical trials will help to inform and advance our pipeline of engineered T-cell therapies.”
The study showed the low-dose conditioning regimen led to the depletion of lymphocytes and increase in serum interleukin-15 (IL-15). Blood levels of IL-15 were shown to associate with the expansion of CAR T-cells and remission of lymphoma. A similar conditioning regimen is used in Kite’s ZUMA-1 study of axicabtagene ciloleucel, Kite’s lead product candidate and investigational anti-CD19 CAR T-cell therapy.
"The data from the National Cancer Institute, which has a history of pioneering research in anti-CD19 CAR-T therapy, suggests that it is possible to achieve durable, complete remissions in patients with advanced disease who have no treatment options,” said David Chang, M.D., Ph.D., Executive Vice President of Research and Development and Chief Medical Officer of Kite. “This research provides important understanding on the association of certain factors with efficacy and adverse events so we can more quickly advance our research to realize the full potential of CAR-T therapy.”
DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2016.71.3024 Journal of Clinical Oncology - published online before print March 14, 2017.
Kite is a biopharmaceutical company engaged in the development of innovative cancer immunotherapies with a goal of providing rapid, long-term durable response and eliminating the burden of chronic care. The company is focused on chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) and T cell receptor (TCR) engineered cell therapies designed to empower the immune system's ability to recognize and kill tumors. Kite is based in Santa Monica, CA. For more information on Kite, please visit www.kitepharma.com. Sign up to follow @KitePharma on Twitter at www.twitter.com/kitepharma.
SOURCE: Kite Pharma